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ELLIST#62

KEY TERMS PHARMACY CH 1 - 3

QUESTIONANSWER
What is the first effective local anesthetic? cocaine
What is pharmacology? the study of drugs, their properties, uses, applications, and effects
What is the name of the drug derived from foxglove plant that has been widely used in treating heart disease? digitalis
What is quinine and where does it come from? the first useful drug in the treatment of malaria; it was extracted from the bark of a Peruvian tree, the Cinchona
What is germ theory? the theory that microorganisms cause food spoilage
From what was the injectable form of the polio vaccine made? the killed polio virus
Name the hormone that lowers blood sugar in the treatment of diabetes. insulin
What was the first antibiotic? penicillin
What are synthetic drugs? drugs that are created by reformulating simpler chemicals to create a new chemical not found in nature
What is the Human Genome Project? an attempt to map the entire DNA sequence in the human genome to provide a better understanding of hereditary diseases and how to treat them
To become a pharmacist in the US, is it necessary to have a Doctor of Pharmacy degree? Yes. To become a pharmacist in the US, an individual most obtain a Doctor of Pharmacy degree from an accredited college of pharmacy, pass a state licensing exam (in some states), and train under a licensed pharmacist.
Why would generic drugs be used instead of the more expensive brand drugs? to control the cost of prescription drugs
How are pharmacies becoming more computerized? Pharmacies use computer systems to store data regarding customer profiles, product, inventory, pricing, and other essential information.
What is a formulary? a list of drugs that are approved for use by patients
What is salicylic acid ? a natural drug that was a forerunner to the active ingredient in aspirin (acetylsalicylic acid)
What is the definition of "pharmaceutical"? of or about drugs; a drug product
What is a panacea? a cure-all
What is a substance which kills or harms microorganisms like bacteria and fungi? an antibiotic
What are hormones? chemicals produced by the body that regulate body functions and processes
What is pharmacognosy? the study of physical, chemical, biochemical, and biological properties of drugs
From what was the oral form of the polio vaccine made? from a weakened form of live polio virus
Where does the active ingredient in aspirin come from? from the bark of a white willow tree
What is the most widely used drug in the world? Aspirin (acetylsalicylic acid)
The discovery of what drug revolutionized surgery and dentistry? cocaine
What is the term for the complete set of genetic material contained in a human cell? human genome
What is an antitoxin? a substance that acts against a toxin in the body
Who discovered that penicillin could kill bacteria? Alexander Flemming
What did Banting and Best demonstrate? that an extract of the hormone insulin lowered blood sugar in dog, and so would be useful in the treatment of diabetes
Who studied the properties of the foxglove plant and what drug was derived from the plant? William Withering; digitalis is derived from the foxglove plant. It is used to treat heart disease.
Which ancient people believed that demons were the cause of illness? the Sumerians. They studied the stars and intestines of animals for clues to the supernatural causes of man's condition and fate.
Who was first known to practice "trial and error" drug testing? Chinese Emperor Shen Nung established 365 herbs used in health treatment.
Who showed that heat can kill microorganisms and preserve food? Louis Pasteur
What drug was instrumental in saving lives leading to the success in World War II? penicillin
Who was the Greek goddess of Medicinal Herbs? Panacea
What was "Jesuit's powder" and what disease did it treat? quinine, used to treat malaria
Who identified the structure of DNA? James Watson and Francis Crick
What is the term related to the requirement to keep patient information private? confidentiality
What is the term for making an accounting for items on hand? inventory
Who establishes standards for pharmacy technician training or competency? State Boards of Pharmacy
How long is the CPhT designation good for? 2 years
What law requires health care providers to be responsible for the privacy and security of a patient's protected health information? The Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act -- HIPAA(1996)
Which independent non-profit organization sets standards and monitors compliance for hospitals and health care programs? The Joint Commission on Accreditation of Health Care Organizations (JCAHO).
Which organization sets standards for practice for pharmacists who provide medication distribution and consultant services to nursing homes? The American Society for Consultant Pharmacists (ASCP).
What is the accrediting organization for pharmacy residency and pharmacy technician training programs? The American Society of Health-System Pharmacists (ASHP).
Which organization is the leading enforcement agency for regulations concerning drug products? The Food and Drug Administration (FDA).
Which organization controls the distribution of drugs that may be easily abused? The Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA).
Before it is approved for marketing, what must a new drug demonstrate? That it is both safe and effective and its benefits substantially outweigh its risks.
What is the term for an inactive substance used to test the effectiveness of drugs? A placebo.
Which is the most frequently used DEA form? DEA Form 222 -- used to order C-I and C-II drugs. It must be filled out in indelible ink or typewriter, signed by an authorized person, in triplicate.
What is a Schedule I drug? A drug with high potential for abuse and no accepted medical use in the US.
Give examples of a Schedule I drug "Crack" cocaine, crystal methamphetamine, ecstasy, hashish, heroin, LSD, marijuana, opium, PCP, roofies
What is a Schedule II drug? A drug with high potential for abuse and may lead to physical or psychological dependence, but has a currently accepted medical use in the US.
What are examples of Sch. II drugs? Adderall, cocaine, codeine, Demerol, methadone, morphine, Oxycontin, Percocet, Ritalin, etc.
Created by: pharmtechteach