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PNF Patterns

Joint positions and mm activations for PNF patterns.

TermDefinition
UPPER EXTREMITY D1 Flexion Scapula Position Scapular elevation, abduction, upward rotation
UPPER EXTREMITY D1 Flexion Shoulder Position Combining movements of flexion, adduction, and external rotation
UPPER EXTREMITY D1 Flexion Elbow Position May move in flexion or extension, or may remain in extension
UPPER EXTREMITY D1 Flexion Wrist & Finger Position Flex and deviate to the radial side and the thumb adducts
UPPER EXTREMITY D1 Flexion Muscle Activation Serratus, pec major, anterior deltoid, coracobrachialis, biceps, supinator, flexor carpi radialis, flexor digitorum (superficialis, profundus), opponens digiti quinti, flexor pollicis longus, adductor pollicis
UPPER EXTREMITY D1 Extension Scapula Position Depression, adduction, downward rotation
UPPER EXTREMITY D1 Extension Shoulder Position Combining movements of extension, abduction, and internal rotation
UPPER EXTREMITY D1 Extension Elbow Position Flexion, extension or remain in extension
UPPER EXTREMITY D1 Extension Wrist & Hand Position Extend and deviate to the ulnar side and thumb extends
UPPER EXTREMITY D1 Extension Muscle Activation Levator, rhomboids, teres major, latissimus dorsi, post. deltoid, triceps, pronator quadratus, extensor carpi ulnaris, extensor digitorum, abd. digiti quinti, abd. pollicis brevis and longus
UPPER EXTREMITY D2 Flexion Scapula Position Elevation, adduction, upward rotation
UPPER EXTREMITY D2 Flexion Shoulder Position Combining movements of flexion, abduction and external rotation
UPPER EXTREMITY D2 Flexion Elbow Position Flexion, extension or remain extended
UPPER EXTREMITY D2 Flexion Wrist & Hand Position Extend and deviate to the radial side and thumb extends
UPPER EXTREMITY D2 Flexion Muscle Activation Trapezius, teres minor, supra/infraspinatous, middle deltoid, brachioradialis, extensor carpi radialis longus and brevis, extensor digitorum, ext. indicis, ext. pol. longus/brevis
UPPER EXTREMITY D2 Extension Scapula Position Depression, abduction and downward rotation
UPPER EXTREMITY D2 Extension Shoulder Position Combining movements of extension, adduction and internal rotation
UPPER EXTREMITY D2 Extension Elbow Position Flexion, extension or remain extended
UPPER EXTREMITY D2 Extension Wrist & Hand Position Flex and deviate to the ulnar side and thumb opposes the fingers
UPPER EXTREMITY D2 Extension Muscle Activation Pec minor, subscapularis, pec major, pronator teres, flex. carpi ulnaris, flexor digitorum superficialis/profundus, flexor pollicis longus, opponens pollicis
LOWER EXTREMITY D1 Flexion Pelvis Position Protraction
LOWER EXTREMITY D1 Flexion Hip Position Combining movements of flexion, adduction, and external rotation
LOWER EXTREMITY D1 Flexion Knee Position Flexion or extension
LOWER EXTREMITY D1 Flexion Ankle & Foot Position Ankles and toes dorsi flex and invert
LOWER EXTREMITY D1 Flexion Muscle Activation Psoas minor/major, iliacus, obturator ext., pectineus, adductor brevis and longus, sartorius, rectus femoris, tibialis anterior, extensor digitorum longus/brevis, abductor hallicus
LOWER EXTREMITY D1 Extension Pelvis Position Retraction
LOWER EXTREMITY D1 Extension Hip Position Combining movements of extension, abduction, and internal rotation
LOWER EXTREMITY D1 Extension Knee Position Flexion or extension
LOWER EXTREMITY D1 Extension Ankle & Foot Position Ankle and toes plantar flex and evert
LOWER EXTREMITY D1 Extension Muscle Activation Gluteus medius/minimus, biceps femoris, gastroc/soleus, peroneus longus, flexor digitorum longus/brevis, flexor hallucis longus, adductor hallucis, quadratus plantae
LOWER EXTREMITY D2 Flexion Pelvis Position Elevation
LOWER EXTREMITY D2 Flexion Hip Position Combining movements of flexion, abduction, and internal rotation
LOWER EXTREMITY D2 Flexion Knee Position Flexion or extension
LOWER EXTREMITY D2 Flexion Ankle & Foot Position Ankle and toes dorsiflex and evert
LOWER EXTREMITY D2 Flexion Muscle Activation Tensor fascia lata, rectus femoris, extensor digitorum longus, extensor hallicus longus, peroneus brevis, tertius
LOWER EXTREMITY D2 Extension Pelvis Position Depression
LOWER EXTREMITY D2 Extension Hip Position Combining movements of extension, adduction, and external rotation
LOWER EXTREMITY D2 Extension Knee Position Flexion or extension
LOWER EXTREMITY D2 Extension Foot & Ankle Position Ankle and toes plantar flex and invert
LOWER EXTREMITY D2 Extension Muscle Activation Gluteus maximus, piriformis/gemellus, quadratus femoris, adductor magnus, semimembranosus/tendinosus, gastroc/soleus, tibialis posterior, flexor digitorum longus, flexor hallicus longus, quadratus plantae
Created by: srussel