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English 4 Hons

Words to study

alliteration the repetition of usually initial consonant sounds in two or more neighboring words or syllables
allusion an implied or indirect reference especially in literature; making a reference
antagonist one that contends with or opposes another
atmosphere an intriguing or singular tone, effect, or appeal
assonance resemblance of sound in words or syllables
ballad a narrative composition in rhythmic verse suitable for singing
analogy resemblance in some particulars between things otherwise unlike
anecdote a usually short narrative of an interesting, amusing, or biographical incident
antithesis the rhetorical contrast of ideas by means of parallel arrangements of words, clauses, or sentences (as in “action, not words” or “they promised freedom and provided slavery”)
climax the point of highest dramatic tension or a major turning point in the action
conflict competitive or opposing action of incompatibles
couplet two successive lines of verse forming a unit marked usually by rhythmic correspondence, rhyme, or the inclusion of a self-contained utterance
denouement the final outcome of the main dramatic complication in a literary work
dialect a variety of language whose identity is fixed by a factor other than geography (as social class)
dialogue a written composition in which two or more characters are represented as conversing
bibliography a list often with descriptive or critical notes of writings relating to a particular subject, period, or author
biography a usually written history of a person's life
connotation the suggesting of a meaning by a word apart from the thing it explicitly names or describes
crisis an emotionally significant event or radical change of status in a person's life
diction vocal expression
empathy the action of understanding, being aware of, being sensitive to, and vicariously experiencing the feelings, thoughts, and experience of another of either the past or present without having the feelings, thoughts, and experience
epic extending beyond the usual or ordinary especially in size or scope
epilogue a concluding section that rounds out the design of a literary work
fiction something invented by the imagination or feigned
flashback a past incident recurring vividly in the mind
gothic of, relating to, or having the characteristics of a style of architecture developed in northern Fran
imagery figurative language
mood a conscious state of mind or predominant emotion
narrative the representation in art of an event or story
auspicious showing or suggesting that future success is likely
broach any of various pointed or tapered tools, implements, or parts
calumny a misrepresentation intended to harm another's reputation
cursory rapidly and often superficially performed or produced
diatribe a bitter and abusive speech or piece of writing
encumbrance a claim (as a mortgage) against property
foil to prevent from attaining an end
glean to gather information or material bit by bit
guile deceitful cunning
highbrow a person who possesses or has pretensions to superior learning or culture
impediment n impairment (as a stutter or a lisp) that interferes with the proper articulation of speech
ire intense and usually openly displayed anger
jocular habitually jolly
keen having a fine edge or point : sharp
latent present and capable of emerging or developing but not now visible, obvious, active, or symptomatic
macabre comprising or including a personalized representation of death
misanthrope a person who hates or distrusts humankind
myriad ten thousand
ominous being or exhibiting an omen : especially : foreboding or foreshadowing evil
nebulous indistinct, vague
onerous involving, imposing, or constituting a burden : troublesome
pious a person of local or restricted interests or out
provincial a person of local or restricted interests or outlook
qualm a sudden access of usually disturbing emotion (as doubt or fear)
nemesis a formidable and usually victorious rival or opponent
non-fiction real
foot the basic unit of verse meter consisting of any of various fixed combinations or groups of stressed and unstressed or long and short syllables
ramify to split up into branches or constituent parts
fable a legendary story of supernatural happenings
foreshadowing to represent, indicate, or typify beforehand : prefigure
hero/heroine a man or woman admired for his/her achievements and noble qualities
hyperbole extravagant exaggeration
iamb a metrical foot consisting of one short syllable followed by one long syllable or of one unstressed syllable followed by one stressed syllable
irony the use of words to express something other than and especially the opposite of the literal meaning
metaphor a figure of speech in which a word or phrase literally denoting one kind of object or idea is used in place of another to suggest a likeness or analogy between them
meter systematically arranged and measured rhythm in verse
Onomatopoeia the naming of a thing or action by a vocal imitation of the sound associated with it
Oxymoron a combination of contradictory or incongruous words (as cruel kindness); broadly
Pentameter a line of verse consisting of five metrical feet
Personification attribution of personal qualities; especially : representation of a thing or abstraction as a person or by the human form
Plot the plan or main story
Protagonist the principal character in a literary work
Rhyme correspondence in terminal sounds of units of composition or utterance (as two or more words or lines of verse)
Rhythm an ordered recurrent alternation of strong and weak elements in the flow of sound and silence in speech
Setting the manner, position, or direction in which something is set
propaganda ideas, facts, or allegations spread deliberately to further one's cause or to damage an opposing cause; also : a public action having such an effect
pathos an emotion of sympathetic pity
prologue the preface or introduction to a literary work
pun the usually humorous use of a word in such a way as to suggest two or more of its meanings or the meaning of another word similar in sound
satire a literary work holding up human vices and follies to ridicule or scorn
simile : a figure of speech comparing two unlike things that is often introduced by like or as (as in cheeks like roses)
symbolism the art or practice of using symbols especially by investing things with a symbolic meaning or by expressing the invisible or intangible by means of visible or sensuous representations
thesis the unstressed part of a poetic foot especially in accentual verse
tone vocal or musical sound of a specific quality
utopia paradise
villian bad person
anaphora repetition of a word or expression at the beginning of successive phrases, clauses, sentences, or verses especially for rhetorical or poetic effect
aphorism a concise statement of a principle
archaism : something (as a practice or custom) that is outmoded or old-fashioned
Asyndeton omission of the conjunctions that ordinarily join coordinate words or clauses
Bathos the sudden appearance of the commonplace in otherwise elevated matter or style
Cacophony shrilly noise
Chiasmus an inverted relationship between the syntactic elements of parallel phrases
elegy a song or poem expressing sorrow or lamentation especially for one who is dead
Denotation a direct specific meaning as distinct from an implied or associated idea
Ethos the distinguishing character, sentiment, moral nature, or guiding beliefs of a person, group, or institution
genre a category of artistic, musical, or literary composition characterized by a particular style, form, or content
euphony pleasing or sweet sound
euphemism the substitution of an agreeable or inoffensive expression for one that may offend or suggest something unpleasant
hamartia tragic flaw
induction inference of a generalized conclusion from particular instances
deduction take away
rhetoric the art of speaking or writing effectively
pedantic narrowly, stodgily, and often ostentatiously learned
parody a literary or musical work in which the style of an author or work is closely imitated for comic effect or in ridicule
sarcasm : a sharp and often satirical or ironic utterance designed to cut or give pain
style designation, title
syntax the way in which linguistic elements (as words) are put together to form constituents (as phrases or clauses)
synecdoche a figure of speech by which a part is put for the whole, the whole for a part, the species for the genus , the genus for the species, or the name of the material for the thing made
logos the divine wisdom manifest in the creation, government, and redemption of the world and often identified with the second person of the Trinity
juxtaposition the act or an instance of placing two or more things side by side;
Volatile likely to become dangerous or out of control
welter a large and confusing number or amount
Zealous feeling or showing strong and energetic support for a “person
Created by: alainn2012