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AP Psychology Chp. 1

Quiz 1

William James Harvard University Philosopher and psychologist, publishes The Principle of Psychology, describing psychology as "the science of mental life"
Sigmund Freud Publishes The Interpretation of dreams, his major work on psychoanalysis.
Abraham Maslow A twentieth century psychologist who has written extensively on the necessary spiritual development of humans
Ivan Pavlov begins publishing studies of conditioning in animals.
B.F. Skinner publishes The behavior of Organism, which describes operant conditioning of animals.
John B. Watson Outlines the principle of behaviorism in a "Psychological Review" article, "Psychology as the Behaviorist Views It."
Willhelm Wundt Establishes at the University of Leipzig Germany, the first psychological laboratory.
Jean Piaget Swiss psychologist remembered for his studies of cognitive development in children
Behaviorism The view of psychology (1)should be an objective science that (2)studies behavior without reference to mental processes
Structuralism An early school of psychology that used introspection to explore the element structure of the human mind.
Functionalism A school of psychology that focused on how mental and behavior processes function, how they enable the organism to adapt, survive, and flourish.
Humanistic Psychology Historically significant perspective that emphasized the growth potential of healthy people; used personalized method to study personality in hopes of fostering personal growth.
Replication Repeating the essence of a research study, usually with different participant in different situations, to see whether the basic finding extends to other circumstances
Correlation A measure of the extent to which two factors vary together, and thus of how well either factor predicts the other.
Scatterplot A graphed cluster of dots, each of which represent the values of two variables.
Random Assignment Assigning participant to experimental and control conditions by chance, thus minimizing preexisting differences between those assigned to the different group.
Placebo Effect Experiment result caused by expectations alone; any effect on behavior cause by the administration of an inert substance or condition, which is assumed to be an active ageng
Operational Definition A statement of the procedures use to define research variables.
Independent Variable The experiment factor that is manipulated
Dependent Variable The outcome factor; the variable that may change in response to manipulation of the independent variable
Created by: janica.santiago
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