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Lung Conditions

Various lung condition definitions

QuestionAnswer
Damage to the lungs results in difficulty blowing air out, causing SOB? COPD
A form of COPD, usually caused by smoking. The fragile walls between the lung air sacs (alveoli) are damaged, trapping air in the lungs; making breathing difficult? Emphysema
Repeated, frequent episodes of productive cough, usually caused by smoking. Breathing also becomes difficult in this form of COPD? Chronic Bronchitis
Infection in one or both lungs. Bacteria, especially streptococcus pneumoniae, are the most common cause? Pneumonia
The lungs airways (bronchi), become inflamed and can spasm, causing SOB and wheezing. Allergies, viral infections, or air pollution cause _ symptoms? Asthma
An infection of the lungs large airways (bronchi), usually caused by a virus. Cough is the main symptom? Acute Bronchitis
A form of interstitial lung disease. The interstitium (walls between air sacs), making lungs stiff and causing SOB? Pulmonary Fibrosis
Tiny areas of inflammation can affect all organs in the body, with the lungs involved most of the time? The symptoms are usually mild, and usually found in xrays? Sarcoidosis
Extra weight makes it difficult to expand the chest when breathing. Obesity Hypoventilation Syndrome
Fluid builds up in the normally tiny space between the lung and inside of chest wall (pleural space). If large can cause breathing problems? Pleural Effusion
Inflammation of the lining of the lung pleura, which often causes pain when breathing in. Autoimmune conditions, infections, or pulmonary embolism may cause? Pleurisy
The airways (bronchi) become inflamed, and expand abnormally, usually after repeated infections. Coughing, with large amounts of mucus? Bronchiectasis
A rare condition, which cysts form throughout the lungs, causing breathing problems, similar to emphysema. Occurs in women of childbearing age. LAM
A genetic condition, in which mucus does not clear easily from the airways. The excess mucus causes repeated episodes of bronchitis & pneumonia throughout life? Cystic Fibrosis
A slowly progressive pneumonia caused by the bacteria mycobacterium tuberculosis. Chronic cough, fever, weight loss, and night sweats are common symptoms? TB
Severe sudden injury to the lungs caused by serious illness. Life support with mechanical ventilation is usually needed to survive until the lungs recover? ARDS
Created by: Demure_Dulcet