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Chapter 11

vocabulary

VocabularyDefinition
Intelligence Test a method of assessing an individual’s mental aptitudes and comparing them to those of others, using numerical scores
Mental Age a measure of intelligence test performance devised by Binet
Stanford-Binet the widely used American revision of Binet’s original intelligence test
IQ Intelligence Quotient
Intelligence Quotient ratio of mental age (ma) to chronological age (ca) multiplied by 100
Intelligence capacity for goal-directed and adaptive behavior
Factor Analysis statistical procedure that identifies clusters of related items (called factors) on a test
g General Intelligence
General Intelligence factor that Spearman and others believed underlies specific mental abilities
Savant Syndrome condition in which a person otherwise limited in mental ability has an amazing specific skill
Social Intelligence the know-how involved in comprehending social situations and managing oneself successfully
Emotional Intelligence ability to perceive, express, understand, and regulate emotions
Aptitude Test a test designed to predict a person’s future performance
Achievement Test a test designed to assess what a person has learned
WAIS Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale
Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale most widely used intelligence test
Standardization defining meaningful scores by comparison with the performance of a pretested “standardization group”
Normal Curve the symmetrical bell-shaped curve that describes the distribution of many physical and psychological attributes
Reliability the extent to which a test yields consistent results
Validity the extent to which a test measures or predicts what it is suppose to
Content Validity the extent to which a test samples the behavior that is of interest
Criterion behavior (such as college grades) that a test (such as the SAT) is designed to predict
Mental Retardation a condition of limited mental ability
Down Syndrome retardation and associated physical disorders caused by an extra chromosome in genetic make-up
Creativity the ability to produce novel and valuable ideas
Heritability the proportion of variation among individuals that we can attribute to genes
Created by: hamilton