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cocaine a local anesthetic found in coca leaves
salicylic acid the natural drug derived from the bark of a white willow tree, and the natural forerunner to the active ingredient in aspirin
quinine a drug for malaria found in cinchona bark
Omnibus Budget Reconciliation Act (OBRA) 1990 US legislation which required pharmacists to provide consulting services to Medicaid patients
formulary a list of drugs approved for use by patients
Food and Drug Administration (FDA) the leading federal enforcement agency for regulations concerning drug products
Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA) the agency which controls the distribution of drugs that may be easily abused
Food and Drug Act (1906) Prohibited interstate commerce in adulterated or misbranded food, drinks and drugs. Government pre-approval of drugs is required.
Food, Drug and Cosmetic (FDC) Act (1938) requires new drugs be shown to be safe before marketing
Durham-Humphrey Amendment (1951) defines what drugs require prescription by a licensed practitioner and requires them to include this legend on the label: "Caution: Federal Law prohibits dispensing without a prescription"
Kefauver-Harris Amendment (1962) requires drug manufacturers to provide proof of both safety and effectiveness before marketing the drug
Poison Prevention Packaging Act (1970) requires child-proof packaging on all controlled and most prescription drugs dispensed by pharmacies
Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA) (1996) Protects patient privacy
patent the right to market a new drug for a specific period of time under a brand name. In effect for 17 years from the date of the drug's discovery.
Hatch-Waxman Act (1984) Provides up to 5-year extension of patent protection to make up for time lost while products wen through the FDA approval process.
National Drug Code (NDC) number the number assigned by the manufacturer. Each NDC number has 3 parts: 1. the manufacturer 2. the medication, strength, dosage form 3. package size
Class I recall strong likelihood product has serious adverse effects/causes death
Class II recall little likelihood of adverse effects; product may cause temporary/reversible adverse effects
Class III recall product not likely to cause adverse effects
Schedule II drugs amphetamines, opium, cocaine, methadone and various opiates
Schedule III drugs anabolic steroids, various compounds containing limited quantities of narcotic substances such as codeine
Schedule V drugs compounds containing limited amounts of narcotic such as codeine
Schedule I drugs heroin, various opium derivatives, hallucinogenic substances
Schedule IV drugs phenobarbital, sedatives (e.g. chloral hydrate), anesthetic drugs (e.g. methohexital)
Schedule I drugs high potential for abuse; no accepted medical use
Schedule II drugs high potential for abuse; may lead to physical or psychological dependence; current accepted medical use
Schedule III drugs potential for abuse less than other schedules; current accepted medical use
Schedule IV drugs low potential for abuse; current accepted medical use; abuse may lead to limited physical or psychological dependence; includes sedatives + anesthetics
Schedule V drugs low potential for abuse; current accepted medical use; abuse may lead to limited physical or psychological dependence; includes compounds with limited amounts of narcotic
Schedule II drugs For which schedule of drugs must the DEA # appear with the patient's full street address?
Schedule II drugs For which schedule of drugs are quantities limited and no refills are allowed?
Schedules III, IV, V For which schedule of drugs are prescriptions allowed to be refilled up to five times within 6 months?
"look-alike" regulation law requiring that a drug and/or its container not me imitative of another drug so that the consumer will be misled
exempt narcotics What are medications with habit-forming ingredients that could be dispensed by a pharmacist without a prescription?
cystitis inflammation of the bladder
tympanitis inflammation of the ear drum
mastitis inflammation of the breast
fibromyalgia chronic pain in the muscles
endometriosis abnormal growth of uteral tissue within the pelvis
onchomycosis fungal infection of the nails
anuria inability to produce urine
hematoma a collection of blood, often clotted
dysuria painful urination
transdermal through the skin
anorexia loss of appetite
gastritis inflammation of the stomach
neuralgia severe pain in a nerve
blepharitis inflammation of the eyelids
Created by: pharmtechteach



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