Busy. Please wait.

show password
Forgot Password?

Don't have an account?  Sign up 

Username is available taken
show password


Make sure to remember your password. If you forget it there is no way for StudyStack to send you a reset link. You would need to create a new account.
We do not share your email address with others. It is only used to allow you to reset your password. For details read our Privacy Policy and Terms of Service.

Already a StudyStack user? Log In

Reset Password
Enter the associated with your account, and we'll email you a link to reset your password.
Didn't know it?
click below
Knew it?
click below
Don't know
Remaining cards (0)
Embed Code - If you would like this activity on your web page, copy the script below and paste it into your web page.

  Normal Size     Small Size show me how PARKINSONS

Parkinson's disease is due to a LACK of which CNS neurotransmitter? dopamine
During Parkinson’s treatment, what happens when dopamine levels are too high? dyskinesias & psychiatric disturbances
List side effects of dopaminergic Parkinson's drugs: N/V, constipation, orthostatic hypotension, psychiatric disturbances, dyskinesias
List side effects of anticholinergic Parkinson’s drugs: dry mouth, blurred vision, urinary retention, constipation, & tachycardia
Describes the term "extrapyramidal side effects”: Parkinsonism-like movement disorders: tremor, bradykinesia, gait abnormalities
Which types of medications CAUSE extrapyramidal side effects? dopamine blockers like the antipsychotics
Why is carbidopa added to levodopa in the medication Sinemet? carbidopa helps more levodopa reach the brain
This antiemetic is a dopamine blocker: metoclopramide (Reglan) & phenothiazines like prochlorperazine (Compazine)
Neuronal destruction in this area of the brain is most affected in Parkinson’s disease: substantia nigra
List symptoms of Parkinson’s disease: tremors, rigidity, bradykinesia, postural and gait abnormalities
List the facial expressions/movements that may be limited in a Parkinson’s patient: less blinking, reduced facial expressions, drooling, impaired swallowing, soft and difficult annunciation
How do the Parkinson’s drugs work? they either increase dopamine or dopamine activity or block acetylcholine activity
What is the on-off phenomenon? abrupt transient fluctuations in severity of symptoms specific to levodopa/carbidopa; bradykinesia vs dyskinesias seen after long-term therapy
This drug is FDA approved for restless leg syndrome the dopamine receptor agonists, pramipexole (Mirapex) and ropinirole (Requip)
The anticholinergic Parkinson’s work best to treat ______ while the dopamine active drugs work better to treat _____: anticholinergics work best to treat TREMOR & DROOLING while the dopamine active drugs work better to treat BRADYKINESIA



Use these flashcards to help memorize information. Look at the large card and try to recall what is on the other side. Then click the card to flip it. If you knew the answer, click the green Know box. Otherwise, click the red Don't know box.

When you've placed seven or more cards in the Don't know box, click "retry" to try those cards again.

If you've accidentally put the card in the wrong box, just click on the card to take it out of the box.

You can also use your keyboard to move the cards as follows:

If you are logged in to your account, this website will remember which cards you know and don't know so that they are in the same box the next time you log in.

When you need a break, try one of the other activities listed below the flashcards like Matching, Snowman, or Hungry Bug. Although it may feel like you're playing a game, your brain is still making more connections with the information to help you out.

To see how well you know the information, try the Quiz or Test activity.

Pass complete!

"Know" box contains:
Time elapsed:
restart all cards