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ELLIST#2

ANTI-INFECTIVES

BRANDGENERICDRUG CLASSINDICATIONSIDE EFFECTSCAUTIONS
Omnipen, Polycilin, Principen ampicillin Antibiotic/synthetic penicillins RTI, strep throat, syphilis, gonorrhea, tooth/gum infections, ear infections, endocarditis stomach upset, diarrhea Patients are often allergic; Oral suspensions -- aux. label "Shake Well Before Using" and "Refrigerate"
Augmentin amoxicillin + potassium clavulanate Antibiotic/synthetic penicillin combination ear infections, tonsilitis, laryngitis, bronchitis, sinusitis, pneumonia, UTIs, skin infections, gonorrhea stomach upset, diarrhea Aux label "Take with Food"
Ancef cefazolin Antibiotic/cephalosporins upper and lower RTIs, skin infections, UTIs and prophylaxis during surgical procedures nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, headache, dizziness Aux labels: Do not take with alcohol, Oral -- Shake well before using, Refrigerate
Keflex cephalexin Antibiotic/cephalosporins upper and lower RTIs, skin infections, UTIs and prophylaxis during surgical procedures nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, headache, dizziness Aux labels: Do not take with alcohol, Oral -- Shake well before using, Refrigerate
Ceclor cefaclor Antibiotic/cephalosporins upper and lower RTIs, skin infections, UTIs and prophylaxis during surgical procedures nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, headache, dizziness Aux labels: Do not take with alcohol, Oral -- Shake well before using, Refrigerate
Omnicef cefdinir Antibiotic/cephalosporins upper and lower RTIs, skin infections, UTIs and prophylaxis during surgical procedures nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, headache, dizziness Aux labels: Do not take with alcohol, Oral -- Shake well before using, Refrigerate
Suprax cefixime Antibiotic/cephalosporins upper and lower RTIs, skin infections, UTIs and prophylaxis during surgical procedures nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, headache, dizziness Aux labels: Do not take with alcohol, Oral -- Shake well before using, Refrigerate
Vancocin vancomycin Antibiotic/glycopeptides colitis (inflammation of the intestines), MRSA nephrotoxicity (kidney damage) and ototoxicity (hearing loss). Monitor blood levels Most frequently used in IV form; oral form poorly absorbed in the bloodstream. Oral only to treat intestines (colitis).
Zithromax azithromycin Antibiotic/macrolides bronchitis, pneumonia, STDs, ear, skin, lung and throat infections stomach upset, nausea, vomiting, heartburn, abdominal pain, diarrhea. Aux label -- Take with food.
Biaxin clarithromycin Antibiotic/macrolides bronchitis, pneumonia, STDs, ear, skin, lung and throat infections, Lyme disease, prophylaxis for dental procedures stomach upset, nausea, vomiting, heartburn, abdominal pain, diarrhea. Aux label -- Take with food.
Cleocin clindamycin Antibiotic/macrolides bronchitis, pneumonia, STDs, ear, skin, lung and throat infections stomach upset, nausea, vomiting, heartburn, abdominal pain, diarrhea. Aux label -- Take with food.
Garamycin, Genoptic gentamicin Antibiotic/aminoglycosides peritonitis, severe gum infections and life threatening infections e.g. sepsis nephrotoxicity (kidney damage) and ototoxicity (tinnitus, hearing loss, balance problems). Monitor blood levels. Discontinue drug if muscle weakness, difficulty breathing, numbness, convulsions. Do not use if patient has Parksinson's
Tobrex, TOBI, Nebcin tobramycin Antibiotic/aminoglycosides peritonitis, severe gum infections and life threatening infections e.g. sepsis nephrotoxicity (kidney damage) and ototoxicity (tinnitus, hearing loss, balance problems). Injection only. Monitor blood levels. Discontinue drug if muscle weakness, difficulty breathing, numbness, convulsions. Do not use if patient has Parksinson's.
Sumycin tetracycline Antibiotic/tetracyclines most often for acne, lyme disease, Rocky Mountain spotted fever stomach upset, nausea, vomiting Do not take with dairy products or antacids. Avoid exposure to sun.
Vibramycin, Doryx doxycycline Antibiotic/tetracyclines most often for acne, lyme disease, Rocky Mountain spotted fever stomach upset, nausea, vomiting Do not take with dairy products or antacids. Avoid exposure to sun.
Cipro ciprofloxacin Antibiotic/fluoroquinolones (quinolones) bone and joint infections, eye infections, serious RTIs and UTIs, anthrax nausea, vomiting, dizziness, diarrhea, unpleasant taste Avoid exposure to sun. Do not take with antacids, dairy products or calcium-fortified juices (absorption of the drug is reduced).
Levaquin levofloxacin Antibiotic/fluoroquinolones (quinolones) bone and joint infections, eye infections, serious RTIs and UTIs, anthrax nausea, vomiting, dizziness, diarrhea, unpleasant taste Avoid exposure to sun. Do not take with antacids, dairy products or calcium-fortified juices (absorption of the drug is reduced).
Macrobid, Macrodantin nitrofurantoin Antibiotic/nitrofurantoin MRSA skin infections, prophylaxis for lung infections in AIDS patients nausea, vomiting Take with food. Avoid sun exposure, Take with fluids.
Bactrim, Cotrim, Septra trimethoprim + sulfamethoxazole Antibiotic/sulfonamides (sulfa drugs) MRSA skin infections, prophylaxis for lung infections in AIDS patients nausea, vomiting, fever, photosensitivity. In severe cases -- jaundice, kidney damage Take with food. Avoid sun exposure, Take with fluids.
Flagyl, MetroGel, Vandazole metronidazole antiprotozoal --acts like antibiotic vaginal infections, trichomoniasis, roseacea, H. pylori ulcers, protozoal infections of the intestine headache, anorexia, vomiting diarrhea, abdominal cramps Do not take with alcohol
Zovirax acyclovir antiviral herpes zoster (shingles), genital herpes, chickenpox heachache, malaise, fatigue, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, cough and rash
Symmeterel amantadine antiviral influenza heachache, malaise, fatigue, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, cough and rash
Famvir famciclovir antiviral shingles, genital herpes, cold sores heachache, malaise, fatigue, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, cough and rash
Tamiflu oseltamivir antiviral influenza heachache, malaise, fatigue, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, cough and rash
Valtrex valacyclovir antiviral shingles, genital herpes, cold sores heachache, malaise, fatigue, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, cough and rash
Epivir lamivudine antiretroviral(HIV antivirals) HIV/AIDS nausea, vomiting Severe drug interactions
Combivir lamivudine + zidovudine antiretroviral(HIV antivirals) HIV/AIDS nausea, vomiting severe drug interactions
Retrovir, AZT zidovudine antiretroviral (HIV antivirals) HIV/AIDS nausea, vomiting severe drug interactions
Rescriptor delavirdine (DLV) antiretroviral (HIV antivirals) HIV/AIDS dizziness, headache, rashes, nightmares, hallucinations, hepatotoxicity severe drug interactions
Sustiva efavirenz(EFZ) antiretroviral (HIV antivirals) HIV/AIDS dizziness, headache, rashes, nightmares, hallucinations, hepatotoxicity severe drug interactions
Viramune nevirapine (NVP) antiretroviral (HIV antivirals) HIV/AIDS dizziness, headache, rashes, nightmares, hallucinations, hepatotoxicity severe drug interactions
Reyataz atazanavir Antiviral/protease inhibitors (PIs) HIV/AIDS diarrhea, headache, fatigue, dizziness, nausea, allergy, fat redistribution (protease paunch, humped back), liver and kidney problems numerous drug interactions, esp. antihistamines
Crixivan indinavir Antiviral/protease inhibitors (PIs) HIV/AIDS diarrhea, headache, fatigue, dizziness, nausea, allergy, fat redistribution (protease paunch, humped back), liver and kidney problems numerous drug interactions, esp. antihistamines Aux labels: 1. Drink plenty of water (indinavir causes kidney stones) 2. Do not take with grapefruit juice or food
Viracept nelfinavir Antiviral/protease inhibitors (PIs) HIV/AIDS diarrhea, headache, fatigue, dizziness, nausea, allergy, fat redistribution (protease paunch, humped back), liver and kidney problems numerous drug interactions, esp. antihistamines
Loprox, Penlac ciclopirox antifungal nail fungi flammable Aux labels: 1. For external use only 2. Keep away from heat or flame
Lotrimin AF, Desenex clotrimazole antifungal skin/nail fungi topical application, OTC
Lotrimin Ultra, Mentax butenafine antifungal skin/nail fungi topical application
Diflucan fluconazole antifungal vaginal fungus Rx, oral, IV
Monistat miconazole antifungal vaginal fungus OTC, cream
Monistat-1 tioconazole antifungal vaginal fungus OTC, ointment
Mycelex clotrimazole antifungal oral thrush Rx, lozenge
Mycostatin nystatin antifungal oral thrush Rx, tablet, lozenge
Lamisil terbinafine antifungal athlete's foot, jock itch tablet, cream, solution
echinacea herbal therapy colds, RTIs, vaginal yeast infections OTC
zinc herbal therapy cold, flu, RTIs OTC
vitamin C herbal therapy cold, flu diarrhea, stomach upset when taken in large doses, kidney stones OTC
Penicillin G penicilin G natural penicillin
Veetids penicilin V synthetic penicillin
Ery C, Erythrocin, Pediazole erythromycin macrolide
Azulfadine, Azulfidine, Sulfasalazine EC sulfasalazine sulfonamides (sulfa drugs)
Minodin, Dynacin minocyline tetracyline
Nizoral ketoconazole antifungal
Amoxil, Trimox amoxicillin Antibiotic/penicillins RTI, strep throat, syphilis, gonorrhea, tooth/gum infections, ear infections, endocarditis stomach upset, diarrhea Patients are often allergic; Oral suspensions -- aux. label "Shake Well Before Using" and "Refrigerate"
Created by: pharmtechteach
 

 



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