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resp. chapter 5

Mildred Elley med term. respiratory therapy - chapter 5

word/sufix/prefixdefinition
nose line with mucous membrane and fine hears. acts as a filter to moisten and warm the entering air
nasal septum partition separating the right and left nasal cavity
paranasal sinuses air cavities within the cranial bones
pharynx passageway for food and air. aka throat
tonsils tissue located behind the nasal cavity
larynx location of the vocal cords. aka voice box
epiglottis flap that covers the larynx so food will not enter
trachea passageway for air to bronchi. aka windpipe
bronchus (pl bronchi) tubes that bring air into the lungs from trachea. sometime referred to as brachial tree
bronchioles smallest subdivision of the brachial tree
alveolus (pl alveoli) air sacs at the end of the bronchioles
lungs spongelike organs in the thorasic cavity. right 3 lobes/left 2 lobes
pleura serous membrane that covers the lungs and lines the thoracic cavity
diaphragm partition that separates the thoracic cavity and the abdominal cavity
adenoid/o adenoids
alveol/o alveolus
bronch/i bronchus
bronch/o bronchus
diaphragmat/o diaphragm
epiglott/o epiglottis
laryng/o larynx
lob/o lobe
nas/o nose
rhin/o nose
pharyng/o pharynx
pluer/o pluera
pneum/o air/lungs
pneumat/o air/lungs
pneumon/o air/lungs
pulmon/o lungs
sept/o septum
sinus/o sinus
thorac/o thorax/chest
tonsill/o tonsil
trache/o trachea
atel/o imperfect/incomplete
capn/o carbin dioxide
hem/o blood
hemat/o blood
muc/o mucus
orth/o straight
ox/o oxygen
ox/i oxygen
py/o pus
somn/o sleep
spir/o breathing/breathe
endo- within
eu- normal/good
pan- all/total
poly- many/much
-algia pain
-ar pertaining to
-ary pertaining to
-eal pertaining to
-cele hernia
-centesis surgical puncture
-ectasis stretching out/dilation/expansion
-emia blood condition
-gram x-ray
-graphy process of xray
-meter instrument use to measure
-metry measurement
-oxia oxygen
-pexy surgical fixation
-phonia voice/sound
-pnea breathing
-rrhagia rapid flow of blood
-scope instrument for visual exam
-scopic pertaining to visual exam
-scopy visual exam
-spasm sudden movement
-stenosis narrowing/constriction
-stomy artificial opening
-thorax chest
-tomy incision for artificial opening
atelactasis incomplete expansion
bronchiectasis dilation of the bronchi
bronchitis inflammation of bronchi
bronchogenic carcinoma tumor of the bronchi
bronchopneumonia disease state of lungs and bronchi
diaphrogmatocele hernia of the diaphragm
epiglottitis inflammation of the epiglottis
hemothorax blood in the chest
laryngitis inflammation of the larynx
laryngotracheobronchitis inflammation of the larynx, trachea, and bronchi
lobar pneumonia disease state of the lobes in the lungs
nasopharyngitis inflammation of the nose and the pharynx
pansinusitis inflammation of all sinuses
pharyngitis inflammation of the pharynx
pleuritis inflammation of the pleura
pneumatocele hernia of the lungs
pneumoconiosis abnormal condition of dust in the lungs
pneumonia disease state of the lungs
pneumonitis inflammation of the lungs
pneumothorax air in the chest
pulmonary neoplasm new tumor in the lungs
pyothorax pus in the chest
rhinitis inflammation of the nose
rhinomycosis fungus in the nose
rhinorrhagia rapid flow of blood from the nose
thoracalgia pain in the chest
tonsillitis inflammation of the tonsils
tracheitis inflammation of the trachea
tracheostonosis narrowing of the trachea
rhinorrhea discharge from the nose
orthopnea only able to breathe in the upright position
intrapleural pertaining to within the pleura
hypoxia low oxygen
hypoxemia low oxygen in the blood
hypopnea deficient breathing
hypocapnia deficient carbon dioxide
hyperpnea excessive breathing
hypercapnia excessive carbon dioxide
eupnea normal/good breathing
dyspnea difficult breathing
dysphonia difficult speaking
apnea absent breathing
aphonia absent voice
spirometry measurement of breathing
spirometer instrument for measuring breathing
oximeter instrument for measuring oxygen
capnometer instrument for measuring carbon dioxide
endoscopy visual exam within
endoscope instrument used for internal visual exam
tracheotomy incision into the trachea
tracheostomy artificial opening in the trachea
thoracocentesis surgical puncture to remove fluid from the chest cavity
rhinoplasty repair of nose
pneumonectomy remove of a lung
Created by: tammyray