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Hand patholog186-192

Lippert ch.13 - Hand pathologies pg 186-187

QuestionAnswer
Colles' fracture transverse fracture of distal radius with an POSTERIOR displacement of the distal fragment, caused by FOOSH, common for elderly
Smith's fracture (reverse Colles') transverse fracture of distal radius with an ANTERIOR displacement of the distal fragment, caused by fall on back of hand
greenstick fracture incomplete fracture, similar to partial breaking of a young tree limb
ganglion cyst benign tumor mass (usually seen as a bump on the dorsal surface of the wrist)
carpal tunnel syndrome numbness and tingling of the hand caused by compression of the median nerve
De Quervain's disease pain on radial side of wrist caused by inflammation and thickening of sheath containing the extensor pollicis brevis & abductor pollicis longus
Dupuytren's contracture palmar aponereurosis undergoes a nodular thickening
stenosing tenosynovitis aka: trigger finger, a nodule or swelling of a tendon or sheath lining develops and prevents the tendon from sliding back to extension after finger flexion
skier's thumb acute tear of ulnar collateral ligament of thumb
gamekeeper's thumb stretching injury of ulnar collateral ligament
swan neck deformity flexion of MCP joint, hyperextension of PIP joint, flexion of DIP joint
boutonnieren deformity extension of MCP joint, flexion of PIP joint, extension of DIP joint
ulnar drift ulnar deviation of fingers at MCP joints
mallet finger distal phalanx remains flexed due to disruption of extensor mechanism (either from severed tendon or avulsion)
scaphoid fracture most frequently injured carpal bone (usually due to a FOOSH of a younger person){high incidence of avascular necrosis}
Kienbock's disease necrosis of lunate developed after trauma
Created by: jteich