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Chpt4 abomen and GI

radiographic pathology

QuestionAnswer
Appendicitis Inflammation of the vermiform appendix,resulting from an obstruction caused ususlly by fecalith.
Diverticulitis Inflammation of a diverticulum (part of colon). Mutiple diverticulum are diverticula
Diverticulosis presence of diverticula;seen in all parts of the colon(The condition of having diverticula is called diverticulosis).
Diverticular disease Diverticulosis and diverticulitis together are called diverticular disease.
Dysphagia difficult swallowing
Endoscopy The use of tubular fiberoptic devices to look inside the GI tract and other hollow organs or cavities of the body.
Esophageal varices Varicose veins of the esophagus because of portal hypertention(subject to rupture and hemorrhage).
Gastroenteritis inflammation of the mucosal lining of the stomach and the small bowel;a precursor to gastric ulcer.
Gastroesophageal reflux disease(GERD) Incompetent cardiac sphincter allowing backward flow of gastric acid and contents into the esophagus.
Hernia is a protrusion of a loop of bowel through a small opening, usually in the abdominal wall--rupture.
Hiatal hernia Stomach herniates into the thoracic cavity through the esophageal hiatus.
ileostomy an artificial opening created in the ileum and brought to the surface of the abdomen for purpose of evacuating feces.
Intussusception segment of bowel, constricted by peristalsis, telescopes into a distal segment.
Peptic ulcer erosion of the mucous membrance of the lower end of the esophagus, stomach, or duodenum.
Reflux esophagitis a chronic,potentially life-threatening disease manifested by the various sequelae associated with reflux of the stomach and duodenal contents into esophagus.
Bowel obstruction lesions (inflammatory,degenerative)can interfere with perstalsis and cause obstruction of either small or large bowel.
Situs inversus complete reversal of abdominal organs
Ulcerative colitis Inflammatory lesion of the colon mucosa
Volvulus Instestines are not in their normal position; May lead to bowel volvulus (twisting of bowel).
Ileum The distal portion of the small intestine, extending from the jujunum to the cecum(beginning of the large intestine).
Dextro Cardia abnormal location of the heart in the right side of the thorax, the apex pointing to the right.
Pyloric Stenosis Obstruction of the pyloric opening between the stomach and the duodenum.
Created by: J.ge