Busy. Please wait.
Log in with Clever

show password
Forgot Password?

Don't have an account?  Sign up 
Sign up using Clever

Username is available taken
show password

Make sure to remember your password. If you forget it there is no way for StudyStack to send you a reset link. You would need to create a new account.
Your email address is only used to allow you to reset your password. See our Privacy Policy and Terms of Service.

Already a StudyStack user? Log In

Reset Password
Enter the associated with your account, and we'll email you a link to reset your password.
Didn't know it?
click below
Knew it?
click below
Don't know
Remaining cards (0)
Embed Code - If you would like this activity on your web page, copy the script below and paste it into your web page.

  Normal Size     Small Size show me how

Gait statistics

gait terms and statistics

Pelvic rotation the pelvis moves forward and backward (transverse pelvic rotation)
Pelvic forward rotation occurs on the side of the unsupported or swing extremity; mean rotation is ~4 degrees
Pelvic backward rotation occurs on the weight-bearing or stance leg. ~4 degrees for a total of 8 degrees
Pelvic up and down motion or lateral tilt occurs on the unsupported or swing side ~5 degrees; controlled by hip abductor muscles.
Lateral pelvic tilt high point midstance
Lateral pelvic tilt low point period of double support
Pelvis moves side to side ~4 cm, follows the stance or support limb
Cadence the number of steps taken per unit of time. Mean cadence is 113 steps/minute
Increased cadence shorter step length and decrease duration of period of double support.
Running occurs when the period of double support disappears, typically at a cadence of 180 steps/minute.
Step length the linear distance between point of foot contact (heel strike) of one extremity to the point of heel strike of the opposite extremity
Step time the number of seconds that elapse during one step.
Step width the distance between feet (base of support); measured from one heel to the same point on the opposite heel
Normal step width ranges from 2.54cm to 12.7 cm (1-5 inches)
Stride length the linear distance between two consecutive contact points of the same extremity.
Stride time the number of seconds that elapse during one stride (one complete gait cycle)
Velocity (walking speed) the rate of motion in any direction, the distance is divided by the time.
Average walking speed 82 m/min (~3 mi/hour)
Average oxygen rate for comfortable walking 12 mL/kg/min
Metabolic cost of walking averages 5.5 kcal/min on level surfaces; energy cost may vary widely depending on speed of walking, stride length, body weight, type of surface, gradient and activity (stair climbing)
Increased energy cost of walking occurs with age, abnormal gait (e.g., disease, muscle weakness or paralysis, physical disability), or with use of functional devices (crutches, orthoses, prostheses).
Created by: watsdny
Popular Physical Therapy sets




Use these flashcards to help memorize information. Look at the large card and try to recall what is on the other side. Then click the card to flip it. If you knew the answer, click the green Know box. Otherwise, click the red Don't know box.

When you've placed seven or more cards in the Don't know box, click "retry" to try those cards again.

If you've accidentally put the card in the wrong box, just click on the card to take it out of the box.

You can also use your keyboard to move the cards as follows:

If you are logged in to your account, this website will remember which cards you know and don't know so that they are in the same box the next time you log in.

When you need a break, try one of the other activities listed below the flashcards like Matching, Snowman, or Hungry Bug. Although it may feel like you're playing a game, your brain is still making more connections with the information to help you out.

To see how well you know the information, try the Quiz or Test activity.

Pass complete!
"Know" box contains:
Time elapsed:
restart all cards