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ortho 12 end feels

End-feel is the type of resistance that is felt when passively moving a joint through the end range of motion.
Firm (stretch) Examples: Ankle dorsiflexion, finger extension, hip medial rotation, forearm supination
Hard (bone to bone) Example: Elbow extension
Soft (soft tissue approximation) Examples: Elbow flexion, knee flexion
Abnormal end-feel would consist of any end-feel that is felt at an abnormal or inconsistent point in the range of motion or in a joint that normally presents with a different end-feel.
Empty (cannot reach end-feel, usually due to pain) Examples: Joint inflammation, fracture, bursitis
Firm (abnormal) Examples: Increased tone, tightening of the capsule, ligament shortening
Hard (abnormal) Examples: Fracture, osteoarthritis, osteophyte formation
Soft (abnormal) Examples: Edema, synovitis, ligament instability/tear
Created by: micah10