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final-review 44

ortho4

QuestionAnswer
Foot Orthotics A semirigid or rigid insert worn inside a shoe that corrects foot alignment and improves function. May also be used to relieve pain. Foot orthotics are custom molded and are often designed for a specific level of functioning.
A knee-ankle-foot orthosis provide support and stability to the knee and ankle. The orthosis can be fabricated using two metal uprights extending from the foot/shoe to the thigh with calf and thigh bands.
Plastic knee-ankle-foot orthoses are fabricated by a cast mold of the patientʼs lower extremity. A plastic thigh shell is connected to a plastic ankle-foot orthosis through metal uprights lateral and medial to the knee joint.
Reciprocating gait orthoses are a derivative of the . HKAFO and incorporate a cable system to assist with advancement of the lower extremities during gait. The orthoses are used primarily for patients with paraplegia
A parapodium is a standing frame designed to allow a patient to sit when necessary. It is a prefabricated frame and ambulation is achieved by shifting weight and rocking the base across the floor. It is primarily used by the pediatric population.
A corset is constructed of fabric and may have metal uprights within the material to provide abdominal compression and support.
Corsets are utilized to provide pressure and relieve pain associated with mid and low back pathologies.
The Milwaukee orthosis is designed to promote realignment of the spine due to scoliotic curvature. The orthosis is custom made and extends from the pelvis to the upper chest. Corrective padding is applied to the areas of severity of the curve.
A custom molded TLSO is utilized to prevent all trunk motions and is commonly utilized as a means of post-surgical stabilization. The rigid shell is fabricated from plastics in a bivalve style using straps/Velcro to secure the orthosis.
Created by: micah10