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Rome Lesson 2 and 3

Vocab

QuestionAnswer
census a periodic count of all the peace living in a country, city or other region
representative a person who is elected by citizens to speak or act for them
Pax Romana a period of peace for the Roman Empire that began with the rule of Augustus in about 27 BC and lasted around 200 years
dictator a ruler who has absolute power
plebeian a common farmer, trader or craft worker in ancient Rome
aqueduct a high arched structure built to water over long distances
Twelve Tables the earlist written collection Roman laws drawn up by patricians
patrician a member of the noble families who controlled all power in the early years of the Roman Republic
consul one of the two elected officials of the Roman Republic who commeneded the army and were supreme judges
republic a form of goverment in which citizens elect representative to speak or act for them
Punic Wars a series of conflicts between Rome and Carthage in 200s BC ending in a victory for Rome
Cleopatra ruler of the Egyptain goverment in Alexandria who has backed cosor in the civil war he waged from 49 BC
gladitor a Roman athlete, usually a slave, crimnal or prisoner of war, who was forced to fight for the entertainment for the public
civil war an armed conflict between groups within one country
Pampeii an ancient city in southwestern Italty that was buried by the eruption of Mount Vesuvius in 79 AD
Gaul an ancient region and Roman province that included most of present-day places such as France
tribune an elected leader of ancient Rome who represented the interests of the plebeians
Senate the lawmaking body and most powerful branch of goverment in ancient Rome's Republic
Augustus first empeior won the civil war following Julis Caser assination and establish the Pax Romana
Patheon a large, domed temple built in ancient Rome to honor many gods and goddesses
Julis Caesar was born into a patrician family in 100 BC and was the first consul of Rome
republic a form of goverment in which citizens elect representative to speak or act for them
Pampeii an ancient city in southwestern Italy that was buried by the eruption of Mount Vesuvius in 79 AD
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