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an outside agent that causes damage is classified as an injury
gun shot wounds, fractures, falls, and auto accidents are classified as injuries
an internal agent that causes damage is classified as a disease
cancer, osteoporosis, tumors, and bruising are examples of disease
visible signs of decomp are classified as post-mortem tissue changes
5 signs of decomp skin slip, green discoloration, PM stain, gas distention, extreme dehydration
6 Pre-Embalming treatments : FJSFMB pose the features, align the jaw, suture cuts, set fractured limbs, mouth former (support for surface tissues), puncture blisters for 2nd degree burns
post-embalming treatments should be done how many hours after embalming? 6-8 hours
a series of structural changes that take place in the tissues as a result of injury or disease lesion
antemortem injury resulting from friction of the skin against a firm object or surface abrasion
the flesh is torn and slashed, rough edges dehydrate quickly laceration
to correct an abrasion you should massage cream around, cavity pack, add alcohol, dry out with cotton, apply liquid sealer, remove massage cream, wax in depression with soft wax
to correct a laceration you should massage cream around, small cuts: fill with wax, large cuts: dry, incision sealer, intradermal stitch, dry, worm stitch/basket weave
in the case of lacerated eyelids you may have to remove the lid
what do bleaches do to embalmed tissue? they lighten it
ink and paint stains are considered surface stains
staining within the skin in the dermis such as Addison's disease or jaundice is considered general stain
stains found within the skin but limited in area (usually blood discoloration) are local stains
livor mortis and local congestion are examples of what kind of blood stain intravascular
PM stain, ecchymosis, petechiae, hematoma are examples of what kind of blood stain extravascular
3 external bleaching techniques surface compress, hypodermic, brush application of phenol
the intradermal or basket weave stitch is used primarily for excisions
this burn is superficial and antemortem, redness of skin from hyperemia, like sunburn first degree
this burn is antemortem, acute inflammation and blistering (two names) second degree, partial thickness
antemortem, only burns that occur after death, sometimes all the way down to the bone (two names) third degree, full thickness
the correction for this type of burn is massage cream and drainage of blood from that area first degree
the correction for this type of burn is puncture blisters before embalming, but leave the epidermis, cavity pack during embalming, fill in with lip wax second degree
this burn cannot be restored if it cannot be injected arterially third degree
treat this burn as if severe dessication: high firming fluid, excise tissue, cauterize healthy embalmed tissue third degree
how long after embalming can you excise tissue 6-8 hours
when you excise tissue, you should undercut into the edge of the incision, t/f? true
after excising tissue, how long should you put a surface pack on for? 15-20 minutes
an alternative to a cavity pack/dryene for an excision electric spatula
to insure dried excised tissue won't leak, should paint the inside of the incision with incision sealer/clear nail polish
if a deep excision, fill with what wax? wound filler
does the basket weave stitch go over or under the wound filler? over
cover basketweave/intradermal stitch for excision with what wax? number 2 (restorative)
to recreate pores you should use what kind of brush? stipple
to recreate wrinkles, can use 4 options thin blunt end of crochet needle, ligature washed in cold water, stipple brush, cellophane and a pencil
you would do this procedure in the event of loss of subcutaneous tissue or fascia hypodermic tissue building
internal tissue building is accomplished by water in the arterial solution
is tissue building done before or after embalming? after
loss of subcutaneous tissue or fascia is defined as emaciation
to perform hypodermic tissue building you need 2 things syringe, and range of needles with different gauges
the higher the needle gauge the a) thicker or b) narrower the needle itself narrower
the main danger of external tissue building is overfilling
five hidden places for hypodermic tissue building of the temples and cheeks 1) eyebrows, 2) hair crown, 3) side burns, 4) behind the top of the ear, 5) through the anterior rim of the helix
to restore hair, use ___ inch wide patches from the back of the head, overlapping every ___ to ___ inches one inch wide patches, 1/8 to 1/4 inches
Created by: amyziolkowski
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