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Chapter 14 Milady

Chapter 14 Milady; Principles of Hair Design

space between two lines or surfaces that intersect at a given point Angle
highest point on the top of the head Apex
triangular section that begins at the apex and ends at the front corners Bang (Fringe)
technique using diagonal lines by cutting hair ends with a slight increase or decrease in length Beveling
haircut in which all the hair come to one hanging level, forming a weight line or are; hair is cut with no elevation or over direction; also referred to as a one-length, zero-elevation, or no-elevation cut Blunt haircut
haitcutting technique done by placing the still blade into the hair and resting in on the scalp, and then moving the shears through the hair while opening and partially closing the shears Carving
haircutting technique similar to scissor-over-comb, except that the clippers move side to side accross the comb rather than the bottom Clipper-over-comb
parting the haircut in the opposite way from which you cut it, to check for precision of line and shape Cross-checking
area of the head between the apex and back of the parietal ridge Crown
angle at which the fingers are held when cutting, and ultimately the line that is cut; also known as finger angle, finger position, cutting position, cutting angle Cutting line
where and how the hair is moved over the head Distrubtion
angle or degree at which the hair is held, or lifted, from the head when cutting; also referred to as projection or lifting Elevation
points on the head that singal a change in the shape of the head, from flat to round or vice versa Four corners
notching technique in which pieces of hair are snipped out at random intervals Free-hand notching
technique used to release weight from the subsection, allowing the hair to move more freely Free-hand slicing
graduated shape or wedge; an effect or haircut that results from cutting the hair with tension, low to medium elevation or over direction Graduated haircut
elevation occurs when a section is lifted above 0 degrees Graduation
direction in which the hair grows from the scalp; also referred to as natural falling position Growth pattern
section of hair, located either at the perimeter or the interior of the cut, that determines the length the hair will be cut; also referred to as a guide; usually the first section that is cut to create a shape Guideline
hait that grows at the outermost perimeter along the face, around the ears, and on the neck Hairline
shape of the head, which greatly affects the way the hair falls and behaves; also called head shape Headform
inner or internal part Interior
guideline that is inside the haircut rather than on the perimeter Interior guideline
graduated effect achieved by cutting the hair with elevation or over direction; the hair is cut higher elevations, usually 90 degrees or above, which removes weight Layered haircut
create movement and volume in the hair by releasing weight Layers
thin continuous mark used as a guide; can be straight or curved, horizontal, vertical, or diagonal Line
haircut in which the hair is cut at a 180-degree angle; the resulting shape has shorter layers at the top and increasingly longer layers toward the perimeter Long-layered cut
back part of the neck; the hair below the occipital bone Nape
version of point cutting in whuch the tops of the scissors are moved toward the hair ends rather than into them; creates a chunkier effect Notching
combing a section away from its natural falling position, rather than straight out from the head, toward a guideline; used to create increasing lengths in the interior perimeter Over-direction
cutting position in which the palms of both hands are facing each other Palm-to-palm
widest area of the head, usually starting at the temples and ending at the bottom of the crown Parietal ridge
line dividing the hair to the scalp that seperates one section of the hair from another or creates subsections Part/partings
outer line of a hairstyle Perimeter
haircutting technique in which the tips of the shears are used to cut "points" into the ends of hair Point cutting
texturizing technique in which the comb and the razor are used on the surface of the hair Razor-over-comb
texturizing technique similar to razor-over-comb, done with small circular motions Razor rotation
points on the head that mark where the surface of the head changes or the behavior of the hair changes, such as ears, jawline, occipital bone, apex, and so on; used to establish design lines that are proportionate Reference points
to divide the hair by parting into uniform working areas for control Sections
haircutting technique in which the hair is held in place with the comb while the tips of the scissors are used to remove the lengths Scissor-over-comb
technique that removes bulk and adds movement through the lengths of the hair; the shears are not completely close, and only the portion of yhr blades near the pivot is used Slicing
method of cutting or thinning the hair in which the fingers and shears glide along the edge of the hair to remove length Slide cutting
process of thinning the hair to graduated lengths with shears; cutting the hair with a sliding movement of the shears while keeping the blades partially opened; also called effilating Slithering (effilating)
guideline that does not move Stationary guideline
smaller sections within a larger section of hair, used to maintain control of the hair while cutting Subsections
haircutting effect in which there is an even blend from very short at the hairline to longer lengths as you move up the head; to "taper" is to narrow progressively at one end Tapers
amount of pressure applied when combing and holding a section, created bu stretching or pulling the section Tension
removing excess bulk without shortening the length; changing the appearance or behaviour of the hair through specific haircutting techniques, using shears, thinning shears, or a razor Texturizing
guideline that moves as the haircutting progresses, used often when creating layers or graduation Traveling guideline
hair is elevated to 90 degrees from the scalp and cut at the same length Uniform layers
visual "line" in the haircut, where the ends of the hair hang together Weight line
Created by: lois100754
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