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Chapter 11 milady

Hair & Scalp

Electrode used on the area to be treated. active electrode
Rapid and interrupted current, flowing first in one direction and then in the opposite direction. alternating current (AC)
Unit that measures the amount of an electric current amp
Process of forcing liquids into the tissues from the negative toward the positive pole. anaphoresis
Positive electrode anode
Therapeutic light that should only be used on bare oily skin; contains few heat rays, is the least penetrating and has some germicidal and chemical benefits. blue light
Any substances having the power to increase the velocity(speed) of a chemical reaction. catalysts
Process of forcing acidic substances into deeper tissues using galvanic current from the positive toward the negative pole. cataphoresis
Negative electrode cathode
Switch that automatically interrupts or shuts off an electric circuit at the first indication of overload. circuit breaker
The path of electric current from the generating source through conductors and back to its original source. complete circuit
Any substance, material, or medium that easily transmits electricity conductor
Apparatus that changes direct current to alternating current. converter
Constant, even-flowing current that travels in one direction only. direct current (DC)
Process used to soften and emulsify grease deposits and blackheads in the hair follicles. desincrustination
Flow of electricity along a conductor. electric current
Form of energy that, when in motion, exhibits magnetic, chemical, or thermal effects; a flow of electrons. electricity
Applicator for directing the electric current from machine to clients skin. electrode
Also called radiant energy becasue it carries, or radiates, energy through space on waves. electromagnetic radiation
Special device that prevents excessive current from passing through a circuit. fuse
Constant and direct current, having a positive and negative pole and producing chemical changes when it passes through the tissues and fluids of the body. galvanic current
Opposite pole from the active electrode. inactive electrode
Invisble rays that have longer wavelengths, penetrate deeper, and produce more heat than visible light. infrared rays
Substance that does not easily transmit electricity insulator or nonconductor
Process of introducing water soluble products into the skin with the use of electric current, such as the use of the positive and negative poles of a galvanic machine. iontophoresis
1,000 watts. kilowatt
One- thousandth of an ampere. milliampere
Currents used in electrical facial and scalp treatments. modalities
Unit that measures the resistance of an electric current. ohm
Negative and positive pole of an electric current. polarity
Apparatus that converts alternating current to direct current. rectifier
Therapeutic light used on dry skin in combination with oils and creams, penetrates the deepest and produces the most heat. red light
Thermal or heat producing current with a high rate of oscillation or vibration; also called violet ray. Telsa high frequency current
Invisible rays that have short wavelengths, are the least penetrating rays, produce chemical effects and kill germs; also called cold rays or actinic rays. ultraviolet (UV) rays
The primary source of light used in facial and scalp treatments. visible light
Unit that measures the pressure or force that pushes the flow of electrons forward through a conductor. volt
Instrument that plugs into an ordinary wall outlet and produces various types of electric currents that are used for facial and scalp treatments. wall plate
Measurement of how much electric energy is being used in one second. watt
Distance between successive peaks of electromagnetic waves. wavelength
Referred to as combination light because it is a combination of all visible rays of the spectrum. white light
Created by: lois100754