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Phil3100 Exam 1


God Every possible culture has a concept of this. The sun is a symbol of this in many civilizations (Egypt, China, Mayans).
Logos Knowledge of ideals (perfection); originally meaning "word," "account," or "reason."
Universe -Typically reminded of night sky; means "one verse"/direction/way. -Not random; working towards a direction. -Macro Cosmos. -Plato: Created concept of Astrobiology (idea that all is alive); purpose of birth.
Humans Perhaps the most difficult, most infuriating concept: 1) Who am I? 2) Where did I come from? 3) Where am I going? -Micro Cosmos (universe within ourselves) -Socrates: "Know yourself, and you will get to know the stars, universe, and the gods."
Information -Organizing information becomes knowledge. -Knowledge (accruement of info) v. wisdom (intuition): Applicable to life, what is right, what is worth applying, when to apply knowledge.
Moral Practice (Roman/Latin: "mores")
Ethics Institution of behavior (to be fair); Greek "ethos" -Theory: What we are SUPPOSED to do.
Temporal Trends, circumstantial -A norm made by humans -What appeals to your preferences
Nontemporal Do not depend on time - values -Ethics -Love (example) -Intrinsic, and so we forget that values are always there
Hierarchy of values Nonvirtuous ->->->->-> Virtuous
Seven Full Constitutions of Humans Human Essence: Material 1) Physical body 2) Vital energy 3) Emotional 4) Mind Human Essence: Spiritual 5) The Pure Mind 6) Intuition 7) Will
Vital Energy (Western term): Lowest level of (required) energy.
Emotional Dreams are an emotional part; rapidly changing, high level activity.
Mind Constantly evolving, thoughts constantly change.
Four Ancient (symbolic) Elements 1) Water (life) 2) Wind, or air (emotions) 3) Fire (symbol of mind) 4) Earth (physical body)
The Pure Mind Allows us to see in other perspectives.
Intuition Direct knowledge; to be a good person is NECESSARY (feeling, vocation).
Will Strongest force in the universe; "anything is possible with this."
Baghauad Gita Known as the book of "right" action: 1) Kuravas 2) Pandava 3) Arjuna 4) City of Hastinapura 5) Krishna
Kuravas Represent the flaws that we have as humans.
Pandava Human virtues; everything that is right with us.
Arjuna Represents the battle between our defects (flaws) and virtues; disciple of humanity.
City of Hastinapura (Elephant) Symbolic of the spiritual world, symbolic of wisdom.
Krishna The inner teacher.
Right action Done because of duty without expecting a reward (taught by the Baghauad Gita).
"Non-right" action 1) Selfish action 2) Inaction
Dharma Law: There is a direction towards everything that is happening (NOT random) -Right action
Karma Action: Law of action or reaction. -Learned by pain (often)
Three types of Karma 1) Personal 2) Collective 3) Individual: Related to the spirit -Reincarnation (continuous attempts at life to become the best being possible)
Sermon at Benares Meditating before Sermon: 1) Just Middle Path After meditation: 2) Four Noble Truths and 3) Noble Eightfold Path -False idea of separation -Find the "just middle path" to overcome extremes -When you overcome
Four Noble Truths (Regarding pain) 1) Existence of pain 2) Cause of pain 3) Elimination of pain 4) Noble Eightfold Path
Noble Eightfold Path Presence of pain = Lack of one of the following: 1) Right belief 2) Right intent 3) Right speech 4) Right behavior 5) Right livelihood 6) Right effort 7) Right contemplation (meditation) 8) Right concentration (results from following Eightfold Path)
Water Life
Wind, or air Emotions
Fire Mind
Earth Physical body
1st Noble Truth Existence of pain: Suffering & learning (Pain makes us aware of our suffering - old age, illness, and death).
2nd Noble Truth Cause of pain: Pain is a reaction of an action and desires cause suffering (disappointment).
3rd Noble Truth Elimination of pain
4th Noble Truth Noble Eightfold path
The Ju Man Ethics – individual (virtuous)
The Li Order Politics – society (rational social order)
Buddha Siddartha Gautama; Awake and Enlightened
Just MIddle Path Taught by Buddha to avoid extremes (a life neither luxurious nor too austere).
Confucius' archetype Justice
1st Step (of 7 Step Ladder) -> Will
2nd Step (of 7 Step Ladder) -> Intuition
3rd Step (of 7 Step Ladder) -> Pure mind
4th Step (of 7 Step Ladder) -> Mind
5th Step (of 7 Step Ladder) -> Emotions
6th Step (of 7 Step Ladder) -> Energy
7th Step (of 7 Step Ladder) -> Body
Confucius' Philosophy Ethics (applied to individual) -> Politics (applied to society)
1st Constitution of Humans Physical body (Human essence: material)
2nd Constitution of Humans Vital Energy (Human essence: material)
3rd Constitution of Humans Emotional (Human essence: material)
4th Constitution of Humans Mind (Human essence: material)
1st of Eightfold Path Right belief
2nd of Eightfold Path Right intent
3rd of Eightfold Path Right speech
4th of Eightfold Path Right behavior
5th of Eightfold Path Right livelihood
6th of Eightfold Path Right effort
7th of Eightfold Path Right contemplation
8th of Eightfold Path Right concentration
Confucism 1) NOT a religion 2) Way of living by virtue 3) Archetype = Justice
Passage from Baghauad Gita Mahabharata (literally translated as Big Battle)
Human Essences Eastern Philosophy states that humans are made of 7 parts: 1) Material: 4 parts 2) Spiritual: 3 parts
5th Constitution of Humans The Pure Mind (Human essence: spiritual)
6th Constitution of Humans Intuition, or direct knowledge (Human essence: spiritual)
7th Constitution of Humans Will (Human essence: spiritual)
Created by: 1161427880
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