Busy. Please wait.
Log in with Clever

show password
Forgot Password?

Don't have an account?  Sign up 
Sign up using Clever

Username is available taken
show password

Make sure to remember your password. If you forget it there is no way for StudyStack to send you a reset link. You would need to create a new account.
Your email address is only used to allow you to reset your password. See our Privacy Policy and Terms of Service.

Already a StudyStack user? Log In

Reset Password
Enter the associated with your account, and we'll email you a link to reset your password.
Didn't know it?
click below
Knew it?
click below
Don't know
Remaining cards (0)
Embed Code - If you would like this activity on your web page, copy the script below and paste it into your web page.

  Normal Size     Small Size show me how


nmes/fes-and phono

Neuromuscular electrical stimulation (NMES) or functional electrical stimulation (FES) is a technique used to facilitate skeletal muscle activity.
Stimulation of an innervated muscle occurs when an electrical stimulus of appropriate intensity and duration is administered to the corresponding peripheral nerve.
Neuromuscular electrical stimulation is a commonly used therapeutic technique to facilitate the return of controlled functional muscular activity or to maintain postural alignment until recovery occurs.
The patient should be positioned comfortably.
The therapist uses a bipolar electrode placement over the target muscle.
An interrupted or surged current is utilized with a range of 20-40 pulses per second
on time of six to ten seconds followed by an off time of approximately 50-60 seconds in order to avoid immediate motor fatigue.
Treatment time ranges from 15 to 20 minutes and can be repeated several times each day.
Phonophoresis describes the use of ultrasound for transdermal delivery of medication.
Ultrasound enhances the distribution of the medication through the skin, provides a high concentration of the drug directly to the treatment site, and avoids risks that may be involved with injection of medication.
Medications regularly used in phonophoresis include anti-inflammatory agents or analgesics.
Phonophoresis is effective with both continuous and pulsed techniques.
Created by: micah10
Popular Physical Therapy sets




Use these flashcards to help memorize information. Look at the large card and try to recall what is on the other side. Then click the card to flip it. If you knew the answer, click the green Know box. Otherwise, click the red Don't know box.

When you've placed seven or more cards in the Don't know box, click "retry" to try those cards again.

If you've accidentally put the card in the wrong box, just click on the card to take it out of the box.

You can also use your keyboard to move the cards as follows:

If you are logged in to your account, this website will remember which cards you know and don't know so that they are in the same box the next time you log in.

When you need a break, try one of the other activities listed below the flashcards like Matching, Snowman, or Hungry Bug. Although it may feel like you're playing a game, your brain is still making more connections with the information to help you out.

To see how well you know the information, try the Quiz or Test activity.

Pass complete!
"Know" box contains:
Time elapsed:
restart all cards