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nmes/fes-and phono

Neuromuscular electrical stimulation (NMES) or functional electrical stimulation (FES) is a technique used to facilitate skeletal muscle activity.
Stimulation of an innervated muscle occurs when an electrical stimulus of appropriate intensity and duration is administered to the corresponding peripheral nerve.
Neuromuscular electrical stimulation is a commonly used therapeutic technique to facilitate the return of controlled functional muscular activity or to maintain postural alignment until recovery occurs.
The patient should be positioned comfortably.
The therapist uses a bipolar electrode placement over the target muscle.
An interrupted or surged current is utilized with a range of 20-40 pulses per second
on time of six to ten seconds followed by an off time of approximately 50-60 seconds in order to avoid immediate motor fatigue.
Treatment time ranges from 15 to 20 minutes and can be repeated several times each day.
Phonophoresis describes the use of ultrasound for transdermal delivery of medication.
Ultrasound enhances the distribution of the medication through the skin, provides a high concentration of the drug directly to the treatment site, and avoids risks that may be involved with injection of medication.
Medications regularly used in phonophoresis include anti-inflammatory agents or analgesics.
Phonophoresis is effective with both continuous and pulsed techniques.
Created by: micah10