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Iontophoresis is the process by which medications are induced through the skin into the body by means of continuous direct current electrical stimulation.
The patient should be positioned comfortably, but should never lie on top of the electrodes.
The unit should be set to continuous direct current.
Polarity must be set to the same polarity as the ion solution.
The ion solution should be massaged into the treatment site or placed into the designated space within the electrode.
The therapist must ensure that the conductive surface area of the negative electrode (cathode) is twice the size of the conductive surface area of the positive electrode (anode) regardless of which one is the active electrode.
The active electrode should be placed over the target area and the dispersive electrode should be placed as far as possible from the active electrode.
The therapist should secure the electrodes and slowly increase the intensity towards a maximum of five milliamperes.
Treatment should last 15 to 20 minutes.
Additional time is required for treatment at an intensity of less than five milliamperes.
The therapist must monitor the patient during treatment to ensure that the skin is not burned under the electrode.
Upon completion of treatment the therapist must slowly decrease the intensity, remove the electrodes, and provide the area of skin under the negative electrode with a thorough cleaning followed by the application of lotion to minimize irritation.
Acidic reaction: sclerotic in nature and can cause hardening of the skin over time.
Alkaline reaction: sclerolytic in nature and can soften the skin over time, exposing it to the risk of irritation and burn during further treatment.
Created by: micah10