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Radiology

Chapter 14 Vocab Part 2

QuestionAnswer
Ischemia Deficiency of blood in a body part because part because of functional constriction or actual obstruction of a blood vessel; lack of adequate blood supply.
Laceration Cuts or tears through the skin and underlying tissues.
Lesion A circumscribed area of pathologic tissue; a sore or wound.
Ligament Flexible bands of fibrous tissue that bind joints together and provide connections between bones and cartilage.
Lymph Fluid provided by the lymphatic system that surrounds the cells and serves to move fluid and certain large molecules from the cells to the circulatory system.
Malignant Tending to become progressively worse and to result in death; said of tumors.
Metastasis A growth of pathogenic microorganisms or of abnormal cells distant from the site primarily involved.
Microorganism A term used to describe microbiologic agents too small to be seen with the naked eye.
Neoplasm Growths or tumors that develope when changes in cells cause failure of the mechanisms that normally control cell growth.
Nosocomial Diseases that are acquired in hospitals.
Pathology The study of disease, which causes abnormal changes in the structure or function of body tissue and organs.
Peripheral Situated away from the center or central structure.
Prognosis A prediction of the course of the disease and the prospects for the patient's recovery.
Projection Indicates the path of the CR(central ray) from the radiographic tube and through the patient to the IR.
Sign Objective manifestations that can be observed by the examiner. Examples: Swelling, fever, and discoloration of skin.
Sprain Injury to the ligaments, tendons, and muscles that surround a joint.
Strain Muscle damage from excessive physical effort or force.
Symptom The patient's reported perceptions of the condition. Example: subjective feelings such as dizziness that can only be identified by the patient.
Syndrome A group of manifestations that, taken together, are typical of a specific condition.
Tendon Bands of fibrous tissue that attach muscles to bones.
Trauma Physical injury caused by an object.
Ulcer A craterlike sore on the skin or a mucous membrane.
Vascular insufficiency Lack of adequate blood flow. This term describes the condition of the cirulatory system itself.
Created by: hollieritter