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Chapter 14 Vocab Part 1

Abrasion Scraping wounds to the skin
Acute Having a short and relatively severe course. Conditions are characterized by a sudden onset.
Anatomic Postion The position in which the patient is standing erect, with the face directed forward, arms extended by the sides with the palms facing forward, and the toes pointing anteriorly.
Anomaly Congenital conditions that cause abnormal variations in the shape or form of a body part. Example: extra ribs, extra toes, extra spinal vertebrae, etc.
Articulation The places where bones are joined together; also known as joints.
Atrophy A wasting away; a reduction in size of a tissue, organ, or part.
Benign Not malignant; not recurrent; favorable for recovery.
Cartilage A tough, fibrous connective tissue that is both stiff and flexible.
Central Nervous System (CNS) The brain and the spinal cord.
Chronic Conditions of long duration.
Congenital Referring to conditions that are present at birth.
Contusion A bruise; an injury of a part without a break in the skin.
Degeneration Deterioration or impairment of an organ or body part.
Diagnosis The process of identifying a disease.
Dislocation The movement of a bone from its normal location within a joint.
Edema The accumulation of excessive fluid in the subcutaneous tissue.
Fracture A bone injury in which the tissue of the bone is broken; May be classified as simple or compound.
Gastrointestinal (GI) Tract A hollow tube that is open at both ends, also called the alimentary canal; the primary organs of the digestive system, which make up the path for food from the time it enters the mouth until it is excreted as waste.
Hormone Special chemicals that are secreted by glands in the endocrine system. These chemicals provide slower, longer-lasting control of body function than the rapid electric impulses of the nervous system.
Iatrogenic Diseases that occur as the result of treatment by health professionals.
Idiopathic A term used to refer to a disease of which the cause is unknown.
Infection Exogenous diseases caused by microbiologic agents; can occur in almost any part of the body but are most likely to affect structures that are in some way in contact with the outside world.
Inflammation The intial part of the cellular injury healing process, characterized by swelling, reddening, heat at the site, and pain.
Created by: hollieritter