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mod10 hydro

hydrotherapy

QuestionAnswer
Hydrotherapy transfers heat through conduction or convection and is administered in tanks of varying size ranging from extremity whirlpools to Olympic size pools.
The main therapeutic effects of hydrotherapy include wound care, unloading of weight, and reduction of edema. The specific instrument to be used depends on the treatment objectives and site of the pathology.
Hydrotherapy Therapeutic Effects-- Increase blood flow
Hydrotherapy Therapeutic Effects-- Increase core temperature
Hydrotherapy Therapeutic Effects-- Relaxation
Hydrotherapy Therapeutic Effects-- Pain relief
Hydrotherapy Therapeutic Effects-- Vasodilation
Hydrotherapy Therapeutic Effects-- Decrease abnormal tone
Hydrotherapy Therapeutic Effects-- Wound/debridement
Hydrotherapy Indications-- Burn care
Hydrotherapy Indications-- Superficial heating or cooling
Hydrotherapy Indications-- Edema control
Hydrotherapy Indications-- Muscle strain
Hydrotherapy Indications-- Arthritis
Hydrotherapy Indications-- Desensitization of residual limb with contrast bath
Hydrotherapy Indications-- Pain management
Hydrotherapy Indications-- Wound care
Hydrotherapy Indications-- Decreased range of motion
Hydrotherapy Indications-- Pool therapy/exercise
Hydrotherapy Indications-- Sprain
Hydrotherapy Indications-- Joint stiffness
Hydrotherapy Indications-- Muscle spasm/spasticity
Contraindications Peripheral vascular disease
Contraindications Gangrene
Contraindications Severe infection
Contraindications Urinary/fecal incontinence
Contraindications Advanced cardiovascular or pulmonary disease
Contraindications Buergerʼs disease with contrast bath
Contraindications Impaired circulation
Contraindications Renal infection
Contraindications Bleeding surface area
Contraindications Diminished sensation
An extremity tank is used for the distal upper or lower extremity.
Approximate dimensions for the extremity tank are a depth of 18 to 24 inches, a length of 28 to 32 inches, and a width of 15 inches.
extremity tank ( 10-45 gallons)
A lowboy tank is used for larger parts of the extremities and permits long sitting with water up to the midthoracic level.
Approximate dimensions for the lowboy tank are a depth of 18 inches, a length of 52 to 65 inches, and a width of 24 inches.
lowboy tank (90-105 gallons)
A highboy tank is used for larger parts of the extremities and the trunk and permits sitting in chest-high water with hips and knees flexed.
Approximate dimensions for the highboy tank are a depth of 28 inches, a length of 36 to 48 inches, and a width of 20 to 24 inches.
highboy tank (60-105 gallons)
The Hubbard tank is used for full-body immersion.
Approximate dimensions for the Hubbard tank are a depth of four feet, a length of eight feet, and a width of six feet.
Hubbard tank Contraindications specific to full-body immersion include unstable blood pressure and incontinence.
Hubbard tank Treatment time ranges between 10 to 20 minutes.
Hubbard tank Temperature should not exceed 100 degrees Fahrenheit (39 degrees Celsius).
Hubbard tank (425 gallons)
A therapeutic pool is used for exercising in a water medium.
therapeutic pool Temperature should range between 79 to 98 degrees Fahrenheit (26 to 37 degrees Celsius) depending on patient age, health status, and goals.
32 - 79 ºF Acute inflammation of distal extremities
79 - 92 ºF Exercise
92 - 96 ºF Wound care, spasticity
96 - 98 ºF Cardiopulmonary compromise, treatment of burns
99 - 104 ºF Pain management
104 - 110 ºF Chronic rheumatoid or osteoarthritis, increased range of motion
Treatment parameters for whirlpool: Select the water temperature based on diagnosis and goals and assist the patient into a comfortable position. Adjust turbine. Monitor the patientʼs vital signs and level of comfort.
whirlpool Treatment time ranges between 10 and 30 minutes.
Exercise can be performed during whirlpool as indicated. After treatment dry and inspect the treated area.
Treatment parameters for pool therapy: In addition to general contraindications for superficial or deep heating, specific contraindications include incontinence, open areas, fear of water, confusion, and significant respiratory pathology.
pool therapy The therapist must stay with the patient and monitor vital signs and tolerance to activity.
Advantages of pool therapy include decreased weight bearing with the assistance of buoyancy, easier handling by the therapist, control over the amount of resistance during exercise, and diminished risk of falling with activity.
The tank must be thoroughly cleaned after each use with a disinfectant and antibacterial agent.
Created by: micah10