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mod8 electricity


Electrotherapy is utilized in physical therapy for various reasons including facilitation of skeletal muscle contraction, stimulation of denervated muscle, pain management, to retard muscle atrophy, osteogenesis, driving medications through the skin, and wound management.
Electrotherapy Therapeutic Effects-- Relaxation of muscle spasm
Electrotherapy Therapeutic Effects-- Muscle strengthening
Electrotherapy Therapeutic Effects-- Improve range of motion
Electrotherapy Therapeutic Effects-- Facilitate wound healing
Electrotherapy Therapeutic Effects-- Decrease edema
Electrotherapy Therapeutic Effects-- Eliminate disuse atrophy
Electrotherapy Therapeutic Effects-- Muscle re-education
Electrotherapy Therapeutic Effects-- Increase local circulation
Electrotherapy Therapeutic Effects-- Facilitate bone repair
Electrotherapy Therapeutic Effects-- Decrease pain
Electrotherapy Indications-- Muscle spasm
Electrotherapy Indications-- Muscle weakness
Electrotherapy Indications-- Pain
Electrotherapy Indications-- Decreased range of motion
Electrotherapy Indications-- Idiopathic scoliosis
Electrotherapy Indications-- Fracture
Electrotherapy Indications-- Joint effusion
Electrotherapy Indications-- Facial neuropathy
Electrotherapy Indications-- Muscle atrophy
Electrotherapy Indications-- Open wound/ulcer
Electrotherapy Indications-- Bellʼs palsy
Electrotherapy Indications-- Use with labor and delivery
Electrotherapy Indications-- Stress incontinence
Electrotherapy Indications-- Shoulder subluxation
Electrotherapy Contraindications-- Cardiac pacemaker
Electrotherapy Contraindications-- Patient with a bladder stimulator
Electrotherapy Contraindications-- Use over carotid sinus
Electrotherapy Contraindications-- Seizure disorders
Electrotherapy Contraindications-- Phlebitis
Electrotherapy Contraindications-- Malignancy
Electrotherapy Contraindications-- Use over a pregnant uterus
Electrotherapy Contraindications-- Cardiac arrhythmia
Electrotherapy Contraindications-- Osteomyelitis
Russian current is a medium frequency polyphasic waveform.
The intensity of Russian current is produced in a 50 burst per second interval with a pulse width range of 50-200 microseconds, and an interburst interval of 10 milliseconds.
Russian current is believed to augment muscle strengthening by depolarizing both sensory and motor nerve fibers resulting in tetanic contractions that are painless and stronger than those made voluntarily by the patient.
Since the mode of delivery is theoretically painless, the increased current amplitude allows the deeper motor nerve fibers to depolarize concomitantly.
Prior to Russian current the therapist should ensure that the patientʼs skin is clean and dry. The electrode orientation should be placed parallel to the muscle fibers along the line of pull of the muscle group.
Russian current electrode placement can be monopolar, bipolar, quadripolar or multipolar in arrangement.
Russian stimulation has an average peak current amplitude of 100 mA, 50 bursts per second, with an on/off time ratio of 10/50.
A popular training protocol with Russian current suggests a treatment of 10 evoked contractions with a 10 second contraction and a 50 second rest period between each of the ten contractions.
Created by: micah10