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mod6 electrodes

electrodes

QuestionAnswer
Monopolar technique: The stimulating or active electrode is placed over the target area. A second dispersive electrode is placed at another site away from the target area.
Monopolar technique: Typically the active electrode is smaller than the dispersive electrode.
Monopolar technique: is used with wounds, iontophoresis, and in the treatment of edema.
Bipolar technique: Two active electrodes are placed over the target area. Typically the electrodes are equal in size.
Bipolar technique: is used for muscle weakness, neuromuscular facilitation, spasms, and range of motion.
Quadripolar technique: Two electrodes from two separate stimulating circuits are positioned so that the individual currents intersect with each other.
Quadripolar technique: is utilized with interferential current.
When using a smaller electrode it is particularly important to understand that since the current density is quite high compared to a larger electrode, the patient will be more susceptible to pain and potential tissue damage.
Small Electrodes: increased current density, decreased current flow, decreased impedance
Large Electrodes: decreased current density, increased current flow, increased impedance
Created by: micah10