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mod4-cryo

cold therapy

QuestionAnswer
Cryotherapy Therapeutic Effects-- Initial decrease in blood flow to the treated area
Cryotherapy Therapeutic Effects-- Decrease temperature
Cryotherapy Therapeutic Effects-- Increase pain threshold
Cryotherapy Therapeutic Effects-- Decrease metabolism
Cryotherapy Therapeutic Effects-- Decrease edema
Cryotherapy Therapeutic Effects-- Initial vasoconstriction
Cryotherapy Therapeutic Effects-- Decrease nerve conduction velocity
Cryotherapy Therapeutic Effects-- Reduce spasticity of muscle
Cryotherapy Therapeutic Effects-- Produce analgesic effects
Cryotherapy Indications-- Acute or chronic pain
Cryotherapy Indications-- Myofascial pain syndrome
Cryotherapy Indications-- Muscle spasm
Cryotherapy Indications-- Bursitis
Cryotherapy Indications-- Acute or subacute inflammation
Cryotherapy Indications-- Musculoskeletal trauma
Cryotherapy Indications-- Reduction of spasticity
Cryotherapy Indications-- Tendonitis
Cryotherapy Contraindications-- Area of compromised circulation
Cryotherapy Contraindications-- Peripheral vascular disease
Cryotherapy Contraindications-- Ischemic tissue
Cryotherapy Contraindications-- Cold hypersensitivity
Cryotherapy Contraindications-- Raynaudʼs phenomenon
Cryotherapy Contraindications-- Cold urticaria
Cryotherapy Contraindications-- Hypertension
Cryotherapy Contraindications-- Infection
Cryotherapy Contraindications-- Cryoglobulinemia
Ice massage is typically performed by freezing water in paper cups and applying the ice directly to the treatment area.
Ice massage is ideal for small or contoured areas, allows for observation, and is inexpensive to use.
Ice massage can be administered using a frozen water popsicle or frozen water in a paper cup. Directly apply ice massage to the area for five to ten minutes.
A cold pack typically contains silica gel and is available in a variety of shapes and sizes.
The cold pack is stored in a refrigeration unit and is usually applied with a moist towel.
Cold packs are easy to use, require minimal clinician time, and can cover a large area.
Cold packs may not maintain uniform contact with the body and require frequent observation of the skin.
A cold pack requires a temperature of 23 degrees Fahrenheit (–5 degrees Celsius).
Apply the cold pack wrapped in a moistened towel to the area for 15 minutes. Application may extend to 30 minutes for reduction in spasticity, however, the skin requires observation every ten minutes.
Cold packs can be applied every one to two hours for reduction of inflammation and pain control.
A cold bath is commonly used for immersion of the distal extremities. A basin or whirlpool is most often used to hold the cold water.
A cold bath requires water temperature ranging from 55 to 64 degrees Fahrenheit (13 to 18 degrees Celsius).
A whirlpool or container of water with crushed ice can be used.
cold bath--The body part should be immersed for 5 to 15 minutes to attain the desired therapeutic effects.
Created by: micah10