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mod2- biofeedback


Biofeedback is a modality that uses an electromechanical device to provide visual and/or auditory feedback.
Biofeedback can be utilized to receive information related to motor performance, kinesthetic performance or physiological response.
Biofeedback can measure peripheral skin temperature, changes in blood volume through vasodilation and vasoconstriction using finger phototransmission, sweat gland activity, and electrical activity during muscle contraction.
Electromyographic biofeedback is the most commonly used biofeedback modality in the clinical setting.
Biofeedback Therapeutic Effects-- Muscle relaxation
Biofeedback Therapeutic Effects-- Improve muscle strength
Biofeedback Therapeutic Effects-- Decrease muscle spasm
Biofeedback Therapeutic Effects-- Neuromuscular control
Biofeedback Therapeutic Effects-- Decrease accessory muscle use
Biofeedback Therapeutic Effects-- Decrease pain
Biofeedback Indications-- Muscle spasm
Biofeedback Indications-- Pain
Biofeedback Indications-- Spinal cord injury
Biofeedback Indications-- Urinary incontinence
Biofeedback Indications-- Improve neuromuscular control
Biofeedback Indications-- Muscle weakness
Biofeedback Indications-- Hemiplegia
Biofeedback Indications-- Cerebral palsy
Biofeedback Indications-- Bowel incontinence
Biofeedback Indications-- Promote relaxation
Contraindications Any condition where muscle contraction is detrimental
Contraindications Skin irritation at electrode site
Prior to treatment the therapist should ensure that the patientʼs skin is clean and dry.
The two active electrodes should be placed parallel to the muscle fibers and close to each other.
The reference or ground electrode can be placed anywhere on the body, but is often secured between the two active electrodes.
The signals are transmitted to a differential amplifier and information is conveyed through visual and audio feedback.
The treatment for muscle re-education should begin with the patient performing a maximal muscle contraction.
re-ed The sensitivity of the biofeedback unit should be set at a low sensitivity setting and adjusted so that the patient can perform the repetitions at a ratio of two-thirds of the maximal muscle contraction.
re-ed Treatment duration for a single muscle group is five to ten minutes.
The treatment for muscle relaxation requires a high sensitivity setting and a similar electrode placement with active electrodes initially positioned close to each other.
As the patient improves with relaxation, the electrodes should be placed further apart and the sensitivity setting increased.
relaxition-During this treatment, the patient may also benefit from adjunct relaxation techniques such as imagery.
Treatment duration of 10 to 15 minutes is usually adequate to attain relaxation.
Created by: micah10