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OB - Mgmt Fashions

Organisational Behaviour - Management fashions

QuestionAnswer
Simmel 1957 Tension between desire to imitate and desire to be distinguished
Bourdieu 1984 Cultural intermediaries disseminate these fashions - domination of American management myth
Burrell 1997 Heathrow Organisation Theory - must understand the reuse of theory rather than master every new holy grail buzzword
Rhetoric , Action , Identity underlie new mgmt ideas - reality based on actions and processes rather than designs and structure
Always chasing rainbows Never properly implement new fashions, a lack of basic hard work
Most mgmt fashions Based on the individual and optimistic view of humanity Cultural commodities marketed to fashion followers - created by mgmt schools Consultants, gurus, hero managers Business media and mgmt schools and journals
To be popular (Huczynski, 2003): 1 - Timely - address the problem of the age 2 - backing from business leaders and mgmt schools 3 - address actual needs of individuals and mgmt 4 - essential ingredients for relevance 5 - be verbally presentable in an engaging way Filter system
Importance of acceptance and dissemination Huczynski, 2003 Ideas of Maslow and Mcgregor persist due to interesting nature rather than truthful content
Grey 2009 Must question the role of mgmt schools and their researchers - particularly the material is tailored to suit orgs not to be better managers
Clegg and Dunkerley 1980 Need to legitimise existing org politics
Capitalist imperative the values of capitalism must be uphelp in mgmt fashions - so many characteristics must be met but this can distort a message even if it did have some credibility
Necessity to be appropriate - Lee 1987 Old wine in new bottles argument, not to even be right but to be useful
Huczynski 1983 Cultural (currently accepted norms and values), institutional (currently accepted role of certain orgs)and motivational(define needs and roles of all workers)context
Huczynski 1983 1890 - 1920 - Rational Economic age 1920 - 1950 - Social era 1940- 1970 - Psychological era 1980s on - entrepreneurial age
Recurrent Themes Managerial Status Comprehensibility and communicability Application and implementation
80s and 90s Corporate culture (HR response to macho mgmt) to re-engineering (escape from bureaucracy, dramatic savings and productivity increases)
Current management fashions Sustainability Globalisation CSR
Locke 1996 Credential the mgmt elite in the same manner as other professionals
Pfeffer and Fong 2002 Despite commercial success the product is not relevant
Value laden nature of mgmt education Positivists would argue otherwise
No evidence mgmt schools make better managers recognise the myth to understand true value of business schools
Mgmt as means of efficient control is a flawed concept - no systematic control is achieved Interpretvism is not an appropriate answer either
Agency , resistance and unintended consequences Grey 2009 - reasons why mgmt isn't means of systematic control
Engwall and Zamagni 1998 Still 19th century impact in the modern business school
Mgmt was in the first place a response to circumstance - America and communism, American elitism
American mgmt mystique North American dominance in international journals and schools
Roy Jacques 1996 Basis in North American white male manual workers from 1960s
Problem of generalisation - 'inevitable circularity' Grey 2009 Prositivist research doesn't take into account culture differences - interpretivism is necessary
Focus on positivism but ... no causal relationships or general trends have really been established - as research becomes more advanced there are more theories all with relevant evidence
Too much invested in business schools so ... traditional thought often persists
Sentimentalised, sanitised version of truth eg. Senge 1993 focus on human relations Large part of world economy doesn't fit this.
Watson 1996 Contract of cynicism
Value is in creating a certain kind of person Willingness to study and commitment to the idea - use accounting example in Grey 2009
Leavitt 1999 We should control the creation of mgmt selfhood more closely - like a bootcamp
Themes consistent in mgmt Macho Positivist American domination Diversity reduction
Whitley et. al 1981 Social inequality and creation of mgmt elite
Standardisation encouraged - Wedlin 2006 League tables and punished diversity
Frank 2001 Mgmt legitimises huge corporate power by giving leaders MBA credentials
Anti elitist - brings down arrogant upper classes but Creates a whole new elite
Khurana Ethically engaged and professionally orientated - but ignores vital point coz can't question business school structure
Created by: grizzler