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Merrills Ch.18 Repro

Test Question

QuestionAnswer
• How much urine is excreted by the kidneys each day 1-2 Liters per day
• For which body habitus are eth kidneys highest hypersthenic
• How much will kidneys drop from upright to supine 2"
• What are the microscopic components of the kidneys nephrons
• The part identified in the figure below is the left kidney know that pic
• The area of the kidney in the figure below is the renal pelvis I believe this pic is in the workbook
• The cluster of blood capillaries in the capsule of the nephrons is the glomerulus
• What servers to filter the blood of the kidneys glomerulus
• Cup shaped recesses in the kidneys calyces
• Where do the ureters lie in relation to the peritoneum behind the peritoneum
• How much fluid can the adult bladder hold 500 mL
• Where do the ureters enter the bladder posterior wall
• How long is the urethra in females 1.5 in
• The technique of injecting contrast into a vein to take views of kidneys ureters and bladder is termed IV urography
• An x-ray of the urinary bladder is termed Cystography
• For which of the following areas is the retrograde technique used bladder, urethra, and lower ureters (ALL)
• The concentration of iodine in ionic contrast medium is 50-70 %
• Which is true regarding non ionic contrast cost is higher and less likely to cause a reaction (ONLY)
• Common reactions for contrast include warmth and flushing (ONLY)
• Significant reactions to contrast include nausea, vomiting, edema of the mucous membrane (ALL)
• Vast majority of all reactions to contrast occur within how many minutes after injection 5 min
• Prep of patient for IVU includes light evening meal, a non gas laxative, NPO after midnight (ALL)
• Exposure for IVU should be able to show outline of kidneys, lower border of liver, lateral margin of psoas muscle (ALL)
• Which must be available during IVU radiologist and emergency cart (ONLY)
• Where is compression applied during IVU distal ureters
• Compression should not be used during IVU is patient has aneurism or colostomy (ONLY) (iodine allergy is ok)
• Resp for IVU expiration
• contraindications to IVU include anueria and renal failure (ONLY) (elderly is ok for IVU)
• Within how many minutes does contrast appear in the pelvic calyceal system 2-8 min
• how many min after injection does the greatest concentration of contrast appear in the kidneys 15-20 min
• The series of radiographs for IVU are done between what times 3-20 min
• Where is the IR centered for all abdominal radiographs for the urinary system iliac crests
• CR angle for AP oblique urinary system 0 degrees
• Which is true regarding positioning of abdomen for lateral urinary system midcoronal plane centered to grid
• Which Decub is used for IVU to show uretopelvic junction ventral decub
• Which is true regarding retrograde urography ureters must be catheterized, provides little physiological info, contrast injected directly into the pelivcocalyceal system (ALL)
• Which technique is used to get contrast into urinary bladder for cystogram retrograde technique
• Which projections for cystogram AP, AP oblique, and Lat (ALL)
• Which size IR and which position is used for urinary bladder cystogram 24 x 30 cm Lengthwise
• Where is the IR centered for AP axial cystogram 2 in above upper border of symphysis pubis
• how much is the body rotated for the AP oblique urinary bladder during cystogram 40-60 degrees
• Which plan centered to grid fro lateral cystogram midcoronal plane
• What is the essential projection used for a cystourethrogram on a male patient AP oblique
• Where is the IR centered for the AP oblique projection during a male or female cystourethrogram superior border of pubic symphysis
• How much is body rotated for AP oblique projection during a male or female cystourethrogram 35-40 degrees
• How is the CR positioned to free the bladder neck from sup imp during a female cystourethrogram 5 degrees caudad
• Urinary system includes which urethra and two kidneys (ONLY) (NOT SUPRRENAL GALNDS)
• The 2 kidneys lie behind the peritoneum
• Mucosal folds in the urinary bladder rugae
• Abbreviation for excretory technique of urography IVU
• The radiographic exam of the urethra is called Cystourethrography
• The center of the compression device placed over the lower ureters during IVU is positioned where level of the ASIS
Which projection shows the mobility of kidneys during IVU AP
• Which position is helpful to show the lower ureters Trendelenburg 15-20 degrees
• Which projection places the right kidney perpendicular to the IR AP oblique RPO
• Which is considered an operative exam retrograde urography
• What is the CR angle for AP axial urinary bladder 10-15 caudad
• What is the CR angle for PA axial bladder 10-15 degrees cephalad
• RT may initiate venipuncture with permission of who physician ONLY
• Guidelines from which organizations guarantee RT rights to venipuncture ASRT, certain agencies, and institution (ALL)
• Before venipuncture the tech must check which allergic reaction to iodine tincture, and adverse reaction to medication (ONLY) (age not necessary to know for venipuncture)
• Which is true in regard to venipuncture needles needles can only be used once (ONLY)
• IV meds administered through which system venous system
• Vessels most often used for venipuncture are found where anterior forearm and posterior hand ONLY (not ulnar wrist)
• Antiseptic for skin before venipuncture should remain on skin for 30 sec
• Radius of cleaning for venipuncture 2 in circle
• What type of motion to clean skin for venipuncture circular
• Angle of needle to skin surface for venipuncture 45 degrees
• After needle enters skin the angle is reduced to how many degrees 15 degrees
• When blood or meds leak out it is called extravasation
• A severe reaction to contrast would be called anaphylactic
• A mild reaction to contrast would be warmth
• A moderate reaction to contrast would be vomiting
• Which would indicate contrast has infiltrated swelling, and burning (ONLY) (not discoloration)
• Most common cause of contrast leaking into vessel needle displacement
• Which therapies are applies if contrast infiltrates apply ice if before 30 min, apply warmth if after 30 min
Created by: danniegiirl