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MerrillsCh. 20 Skull

Test Question

QuestionAnswer
1. How many bones make up the cranium? c. 8
2. How many bones make up the face? d. 14
3. The cranial bones are rigidly jointed together by articulations called: c. sutures
4. Which one of the following is not one of the bones of the cranium? a. maxillae
5. Which one of the following is not a facial bone? a. ethmoid
6. Which skull suture is found between the frontal and parietal bones? b. coronal
7. Which skull suture is located between the parietal bones? c. sagittal
8. The bone indicated in the figure below is the: d. zygoma
9. The bone identified in the figure below is the: a. maxilla
10. The bone indicated in the figure below is the: b. parietal
11. The part of the frontal bone indicated in the figure below is the: c. glabella
12. The part of the cranial base identified in the figure below is the: d. foramen magnum
13. The part of the cranial base identified in the figure below is the: d. petrous portion
14. Which of the following bones contain air sinuses? 1.) ethmoid 2.) frontal 3.) sphenoid d. 1, 2, and 3
15. Which bone has condyles that articulate with the atlas of the cervical spine? b. occipital
16. The zygomatic arches are a part of which bone? c. temporal
17. Which bone in the skull contains the auditory organs and the organs of hearing? a. temporal
18. The petromastoid portion is a part of which bone? a. temporal
19. The vestibulocochlear organ is the organ of: 1.) hearing 2.) sensation 3.) balance b. 1 and 3
20. Which of the following is located in the middle ear? c. tympanic membrane
21. Which of the following is located in the internal ear? d. semicircular canals
22. The maxillary sinus is located in which bone? c. maxillae
24. The small bone situated at the base of the tongue is the: a. Hyoid
25. The part of the mandible identified in the figure below is the: a. body
26. The portion of the mandible identified in the figure below is the: b. ramus
27. The external landmark identified in the figure below is the: c. outer canthus
28. The landmark identified in the figure below is the: c. acanthion
32. Which of the following skull types is considered average in size and shape? a. mesocephalic
33. Which skull type is narrow from side to side? b. dolichocephalic
35. Which plane of the head is placed parallel to the plane of the IR for a lateral projection of the skull? c. midsagittal
24. What type of joint is the TMJ synovial hinge and gliding
25. Which of the following are demonstrated on the AP axial towne method of the skull petrous pyramids, occipital bone, and posterior portion of the foramen magnum (ALL)
26. For an optimal image of the mastoid process which of the following must occur 0.6 FS, high res screen, collimate to smallest size (ALL)
27. Which is not an essential projection for the mastoid process Mayers
28. How much is the face rotated from the lateral position for the axiolateral modified law method 15 degrees
29. CR angel for the modified law method of the mastoid process 15 degrees caudad
30. Where does the CR enter the skull for the modified law method of the mastoid process 2 in posterior and 2 in superior to the EAM
31. How many degrees is the face rotated from the lateral for the stenvers method of the mastoid process 45 degrees
32. What is the CR angle for the stenvers method of the mastoid process 12 degrees cephalad
33. Which of the following methods of the mastoid process will place the petrous ridge parallel with the IR Arcelin and stenvers (ONLY)
34. Which line is parallel with the transverse axis of the IR for the stenvers method IOML
35. Which method of demonstrating the mastoid process is useful when the patient cannot be placed in the prone position arcelin
36. How much is the head rotated for the axiolateral oblique arceline method of the mastoid process 45 degrees
37. CR angle for the arceline method 10 degrees caudad
38. What line is perpendicular for the arceline method of the mastoid process IOML
39. The CR angel for the Caldwell projection 15 degrees caudad
40. cranium bones 8
41. facial bones 14
42. cranial bones are joine together by articulations called sutures
43. which one of the following is not one of th bones of the cranium maxillae
44. which one of the following is not a facial bone ethmoid
45. which skull suture is found between the frontal and parietal bones coronal
46. which skull suture is located between the parietal bones sagittal
47. which of the following bones contain air sinuses (ALL 3, ethmoid, frontal sphenoid).
48. which bone has condyle that articulate with the atlas of the C spine
49. the zygomatic arches are apart of which bone temporal bone
50. which bone in the skull contains the auditory organs and the organs of hearing temporal
51. the pertromastoid portion is part of which bone temporal bone
52. organ is the of Hearing and Balance Only the vestibulocholear
53. which of the following is located in the middle ear tympanic membrane
54. which of the following is located in the internal ear semicircular canals
55. the maxillary sinus are located sinus are located on maxillae bone
56. the small bone situated at the base of the tongue hyoid
57. which of the following skull types is considered average size and shape mesocephalic
58. which of the following skull types is narrower side to side dolichocephalic.
59. which plane of the head is placed parrallel to the plane of the IR for a lateral projection of the skull midsaggitall
60. the CR and center of the IR position for a lateral of skull is 2 inches above the EAM.
61. which of the following is true regarding the lateral projection of the skull the midsagittal plane of the head is parrallel to the plane of the IR and the interpup line iis perp to the IR (ONLY)
62. which of the follwoing should be seen superimposed orb roofs, eam, TMJ joint..(ALL 3)
63. which method of exam of the skull will demonstrate the petrous ridges in the orbits, the ethmoid and frontal sinuses, and cristael galli the Caldwell
64. the CR angle for the PA axial caldwell of the skull is 15 caudad.
65. which of the follow is perp to the plane of the IR for a caldwell projection of the skull – OML
66. often a PT cant be turned into the prone position fora PA Axial skull Caldwell method, what CR angle could be used if the AP axial is used instead 15 cephalad
67. which of the follow lines is placed perp to the plane of the IR of the AP Axial townes – OML
68. if the patient cannot flex the neck to place the OML perp to the IR for an AP axial towne, which line should be placed perp. IOML
69. which of the following is true regarding the placement of the IR for an AP axial towne projection of the skull its upper margin is at the level of the top of the cranium (1 only)
70. the IOML line is placed perp to the IR during an AP axial towne skull, how much is the CR angled 37 degrees
71. which of the follow is clearly demonstrated within the foramen magnum during an AP axial towne of the skull dorsum sellae and posterior clinoid process (only)
72. what is the CR angle for demonstration of the entire foramen magnum during an AP axial towne 40 to 60 degrees caudad.
73. which of the follow methods will clearly demonstrate the petrous ridges, foramen magnum, dorsum sellae, and posterior clinoid process HAAS and TOWNE only
74. what is the average CR angulation for the PA Axial HAAS skull 25* cephalad
75. which line should be placed parrallel to the plane of the IR for the SMV cranial base IOML
76. radiographic demonstration of the cranial base is performed by which method schuller
77. what is the CR angle for the SMV 0*
78. for an SMV of the cranial base the CR should always be perp to the IOML
79. the CR angle for the parietoorbital RHESE projection of the optic canal is 0*
80. how many bones in the skull 22
81. the bones of the cranium are joined together by fibrous joints called sutures
82. which of the following bones is contained in the floor of the cranium ALL ethmoid, sphenoid, temporal.
83. which of the follow bones are contained in the calvarium frontal and parietal only
84. the suture located between the occipital bone and the parietal bones is the lambdoidal
85. the six areas of incomplete ossification in a newborn infants skull are called fontanels
86. the superior aspect of the sphenoid bone contains a deep depression that contains the pituitary gland.
87. the posterior half of the base of the skull is formed by which bone occipital
88. the large aperature in the occipital bone, through which the medulla oblongata and spinal cord exit, is termed foramen magnum
89. the base of the anterior portion of the occipital bone contains 2 large openings that allow blood vessels and nerves to pass through, these 2 openings are called jugular foramen.
90. the thickest and densest portion of bone in the cranium is the petrous portion of the temporal bone.
91. which facial bone contains a foramen through which the tear duct passes lacrimal
92. which 2 facial bones form the roof of the mouth maxiallae and palantine bones
93. what type of joint is the TMJ synovial hynge and gliding
94. which parts of the patients face touch the table for a PA axial projection Caldwell forehead and nose ONLY
95. which of the following are demonstrated on an AP axial towne of the skull petrous ridges, occipital bone, posterior portion of the foramen magnum. ALL
Created by: danniegiirl