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Merrills Ch 10 Chest

Pathology

QuestionAnswer
Inspiration of a foreign material into the AIRWAY Aspiration/Foreign Body
A collapse of all or part of the lung Atelectasis
Chronic dilatation of the bronchi and bronchioles associated with secondary infection Bronchiectasis
Inflammation of the bronchi Bronchitis
Chronic condition of persistent obstruction of bronchial airflow Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
Disorder associated with widespread dysfunction of the exocrine glands, abnormal secretion of sweat and saliva, and accumulation of thick mucus in the lungs Cystic Fibrosis
Destructive and obstructive airway changes leading to an increased volume of air in the lungs Emphysema
Inflammation of the epiglottis Epiglottitis
Inflammation of the lung caused by a fungal organism Fungal Disease
Infection caused by yeastlike organism Histoplasma capsulatum Histoplasmosis
Condition of the lung marked by formation of granulomas Granulomatous Disease
Condition of unknown origin often associated with pulmonary fibrosis Sarcoidosis
Chronic infection of the lung due to the tubercle bacillus Tuberculosis
Underaeration of the lungs due to a lack of surgactant Hyaline Membrane Disease or Respiratory Distress Symdrome
Transfer of a cancerous lesion from one area to another Metastases
Collection of fluid in the pleural cavity Pleural Effusion
Lung disease resulting from the inhalation of industrial substances Pneumoconiosis
Inflammation caused by inhalation of coal dust (anthracite) Anthacosis or Coal miner’s Lung or Black Lung
Inflammation caused by inhalation of asbestos Asbestosis
Inflammation caused by inhalation of silicon dioxide Silicosis
Acute infection in the ling parenchyma Pneumonia
Pneumonia caused by aspiration of foreign particles Aspiration
Pneumonia caused by a virus and involving the alveolar walls and interstitial structures Interstitial or Viral or Pneumonitis
Pneumonia involving the alveoli of an entire lobe without involving the bronchi Lobar or Bacterial
Pneumonia involving the bronchi and scattered throughout the lung Lobular or Bronchopneumonia
Accumulation of air in the pleural cavity resulting in collapse of the lung Pneuomothorax
Replacement of air with fluid in the lung interstitium and alveoli Pulmonary Edema
New tissue growth where cell proliferation is uncontrolled Tumor
Created by: danniegiirl