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Case Laws

Special Education laws

Brown Vs. Board of Education (1954) Civil rights action not directly involved with special education
Parc Vs. Pennsylvania (1971) 12 yr old transfered, due process procedures, first education law for students with disabilities
Mills Vs. DC Board of Education (1972) right to a hearing, right to appeal, right to have access to records, expanded procedural due process rights, foundation for 94-142
Vocational Rehabilitation (Section 504) 1973 Prevents discrimination against individuals with disabilities. Defined disability in part as one perceived as having disability
PL 94-142 (EAHCA) 1975 Education of Handicapped Children Act, first education law for students with disabilities, built on foundations of parc and mills
Special ed support of general ed teacher
nurse gathers medical history of students
interpeter deaf, hard of hearing
speech language pathologist works with speech and talking
occupational therapist fine motor skills
physical therapist gross motor skills
psychologist gives out test scores and looks at them
teacher aide/paraprofessional can't teach new concepts...helps teacher
LRE (Daniel RR Vs. Texas state board of education First prong test-placement in gen ed is satisfactory (accommodations, aides, services, impact on students) 2nd prong test- removal from gen ed-maximum extent peer interactions
Peer Interactions (Espino Vs. Besteiro) importance of interactions with non-disabled and maximize social skills
Evaluation (Larry P. Vs. Riles) Testing did racially discriminate
Appropriate (Board of Education Vs. Rowley) Rowley standard...intent of act-special ed instruction and related services which are designed to provide educational benefits
Zero Reject (Timothy Vs. Rochester School) received no services for 3 1/2 years, after 4 yrs, child must be able to benefit
6 Basic principles 1-parent and student involvement 2- Procedural due process 3- LRE 4- Appropriate education (fape) 5- non discriminatory evaluation 6- Zero Reject
IDEA 2004 15 states to pilot 3 yr program, highly qualified special ed teachers
PL 105 -17 IDEA 1997 General ed teacher...required a team member
IDEA 1990 Individuals with disabilities education act...People first language and replaced handicapped with the term disability
PL 101-336 ADA 1990 American with disability act..Access and accommodations
PL 94-457 (1986) mandated services for eligible children 3-5
Part B 3-21 yrs..
Part C birth-2 yrs...not required
3 civil laws Brown vs. board, ADA, 504
2 Reasons for eligibilty for special ed services demonstrate a need and have one of the 13 disabilities from IDEA
Created by: lindse22