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S&PR4

nagi vs ICID

QuestionAnswer
The Nagi Model This model was originally designed in 1965 by a social worker named Saad Nagi as an alternative to the medical model of disease.
The Nagi Model It describes health status as a product of the relationship between health and function and is defined by four primary concepts:
The Nagi Model Pathology: An interruption or interference in the bodyʼs normal processes and the simultaneous efforts of the systems to regain homeostasis. Pathology occurs at the cellular level.
The Nagi Model Impairment: The loss or abnormality at the tissue, organ or body system level. This can be of an anatomic, physiologic, mental or emotional nature. Impairments occur at the organ level.
The Nagi Model Functional limitation: The inability to perform an action or skill in a normal manner due to an impairment. Functional limitations are at the level of the whole person.
The Nagi Model Disability: Any restriction or inability to perform a socially defined role within a social or physical environment due to an impairment. Environmental barriers impose disability.
The International Classification of Impairment, Disabilities, & Handicaps The World Health Organization (WHO) developed this model in 1980 with the focus on the long-term impact of non-fatal or chronic diseases. The model is defined by four primary concepts:
(ICIDH Model) Disease: A biomechanical, physiological or anatomical abnormality within the body.
(ICIDH Model) Impairment: The loss or abnormality of psychological, physiological or anatomical structure or function. Impairments occur at the organ level.
(ICIDH Model) Disability: The inability to perform an activity in a normal manner due to an impairment. Disability occurs at the level of the whole person.
(ICIDH Model)Handicap: The inability to perform in a social role due to social or environmental restrictions. Handicap occurs in a person-to-person or person-to-environment level.
ICIDH Model)Handicap clearly separates environmental barriers and the personʼs ability to interact with the environment.
Created by: micah10