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Knee, ankle, patho

Pathologies of the ankle, foot, and knee

Miserable Malalignment syndrome alignment problem of the LE. Increase in the anteversion angle of the femoral head. Genu Valgus is a common association.
Prepatellar Bursitis AKA housemaids knee. From constant pressure on the patella.
Chondromalacia Softening and degeneraion of cartilage behind the knee.
Patellofemoral pain syndrome Pai on Anterior surface of the knee. Alignment factors (Q-angle) Excessive foot pronation
Osgood-Schlatters disease. Common over-use injury of adolescents Epiphysis(growth plate) on the tibial tuberosity of growing bone.
Patella Tendonitis AKA jumpers knee tenderness at patella tendon for over use stress, or overloading sudden impact-jumping. (like basketball) (usually means theres a imbalance problem somewhere)
Genu Vargum(vargus) Bowed leged
Genu Valgus(valgum) Knocked knees
Genu Recruatum Back knees knees are in more then 0 degrees of extension.
Shin splints exercise induced pain along medial edge of Tibia. inflammation of the periosteum, over use injury.
Medial Tibial syndrome anterior leg pain NOT bc of stress fracture.
Plantigrade a normal foot, the sole is right angles when the person is standing.
Equinus foot horse ft-hindfoot is fixed in PF
Calcaneus foot ft-fixed in DF.
Pes Cavus abnormal high arch
Pes planus flat foot. Medial longitud arch is gone.
Hammertoe PIP is flexed, DIP is extended
Hallux rididus 1st MTP joint degeneration. pain and diminshed ROM. All MTP joints are hyperextended
Mallet toe extended PIP and flexed DIP joint
Claw toe flexed PIP joint and flexed DIP
Metatarsalgia pain around metarsal heads. Pt will say "walking on pebbles", fels bruise.
Morton's Neuroma 3rd and 4th web space metatarsals. Abnormal presure on plantar digtal nerves. Pain and numbness worsens w activity.
Turf Toe VERY PAINFUL. caused by forced hyperextension at the MTP joint of the great toe. Seen in football, baseball, or soccer players.
Ankle Sprains Sprain-Ligament tear Lateral Lig-95% of sprains When foot is in PF and Inversion****
Lateral malleolus ankle Fracture Most common ankle fx. usually involes twisting motion.
Bimalleolus Fx Fx to both Mallelus
Trimalleolar Fx both malleolus and posterior lip of the tibia Fx!
Achilles tendonitis inflammation of the gastro-soleus tendon.
Ruptured Achiles tendon A complete rupture pt has NO ability to PF ankle. Squeeze Gastro ms and if slight movement of Achillies tndon then not completely ruptured!
Triple Arthrodesis a surgical procedure fusing the Talocan, calcaneocuboid, and talonavicular joints. Inversion&eversion motion of ankle r lost. BUT provides med-lateral stability and pain-relief at subtalar joint.
Created by: Nicolercronin11