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other systems 9

hormones

QuestionAnswer
Hypothalamus Growth hormone-releasing hormone Target: pituitary gland
Hypothalamus Growth hormone-releasing hormone Function: increases the release of growth hormone
Hypothalamus Growth hormone-inhibiting hormone Target: pituitary gland
Hypothalamus Growth hormone-inhibiting hormone Function: decreases the release of growth hormone
Hypothalamus Gonadotropin-releasing hormone Target: pituitary gland
Hypothalamus Gonadotropin-releasing hormone Function: increases the release of luteinizing hormone and follicle-stimulating hormone
Hypothalamus Thyrotropin-releasing hormone Target: pituitary gland
Hypothalamus Thyrotropin-releasing hormone Function: increases the release of thyroid-stimulating hormone
Hypothalamus Corticotropin-releasing hormone Target: pituitary gland
Hypothalamus Corticotropin-releasing hormone Function: increases the release of adrenocorticotropic hormone
Hypothalamus Prolactin-releasing hormone Target: pituitary gland
Hypothalamus Prolactin-releasing hormone Function: stimulates the release of prolactin
Hypothalamus Prolactin-inhibitory factor; dopamine Target: pituitary gland
Hypothalamus Prolactin-inhibitory factor; dopamine Function: decreases the release of prolactin
Pituitary Growth hormone Target: bone and muscle
Pituitary Growth hormone Function: promotes growth and development; increases the rate of protein synthesis
Pituitary Follicle-stimulating hormone Target: ovaries and testes
Pituitary Follicle-stimulating hormone Function: promotes follicular development and the creation of estrogen in females; promotes spermatogenesis in males
Pituitary Luteinizing hormone Target: ovaries and testes
Pituitary Luteinizing hormone Function: promotes ovulation along with estrogen/progesterone synthesis from the corpus luteum in females; promotes testosterone synthesis in males
Pituitary Thyroid-stimulating hormone Target: thyroid gland
Pituitary Thyroid-stimulating hormone Function: increases the synthesis of thyroid hormones T3 and T4
Pituitary Adrenocorticotropic hormone Target: adrenal cortex
Pituitary Adrenocorticotropic hormone Function: increases cortisol synthesis (adrenal steroids)
Pituitary Prolactin Target: mammary glands
Pituitary Prolactin Function: Allows for the process of lactation
Pituitary Oxytocin Target: uterus and mammary glands
Pituitary Oxytocin Function: increases contraction of uterine muscles; promotes release of milk from mammary glands
Pituitary Antidiuretic hormone Target: kidneys
Pituitary Antidiuretic hormone Function: increases water reabsorption; conserves water; increases blood pressure through stimulating contraction of muscles in small arteries
Thyroid Thyroxine (T4), Triiodothyronine (T3) Target: all tissues
Thyroid Thyroxine (T4), Triiodothyronine (T3) Function: Involved with normal development; increases cellular level metabolism
Thyroid Calcitonin Target: plasma
Thyroid Calcitonin Function: Increases calcium storage in bone; decreases blood calcium levels
Parathyroids Parathormone Target: bone, kidney, intestinal mucosa
Parathyroids Parathormone Function: Increases blood calcium
Adrenal Cortex Androgen Target: ovaries and testes
Adrenal Cortex Androgen Function: increases masculinization; promotes growth of pubic hair in males and females
Adrenal Cortex Aldosterone (mineralocorticoid) Target: kidneys
Adrenal Cortex Aldosterone (mineralocorticoid) Function: increases reabsorption of sodium ions by the kidneys to the blood; increases excretion of potassium ions by the kidney into the urine
Adrenal Cortex Cortisol (glucocorticoid) Target: gastrointestinal system
Adrenal Cortex Cortisol (glucocorticoid) Function: influences metabolism of food molecules; anti-inflammatory effect in large amounts
Adrenal Medulla Epinephrine Target: cardiovascular and metabolic systems
Adrenal Medulla Epinephrine Function: increases heart rate and force of contraction; increases energy production; vasodilation in skeletal muscle
Adrenal Medulla Norepinephrine Target: cardiovascular and metabolic systems
Adrenal Medulla Norepinephrine Function: vasoconstriction in skin, viscera, and skeletal muscles
Pancreas Glucagon Target: liver
Pancreas Glucagon Function: glucagon increases blood glucose by stimulating the conversion of glycogen to glucose
Pancreas Insulin Target: all body systems
Pancreas Insulin Function: insulin decreases blood glucose and increases the storage of fat, protein, and carbohydrates
Ovaries Estrogen, progesterone Target: uterus and mammary glands
Ovaries Estrogen, progesterone Function: involved in regulation of the female reproductive system and female sexual characteristics
Testes Testosterone Target: pituitary gland
Testes Testosterone Function: involved in the process of spermatogenesis and male sexual characteristics
Created by: micah10