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exercise recomendations pre/post partium

During pregnancy, women can continue to exercise and derive health benefits even from mild to moderate exercise routines.
Regular exercise (at least three times per week) is preferable to intermittent activity.
Women should avoid exercise in the supine position after the first trimester.
Supine position is associated with decreased cardiac output in most pregnant women.
the remaining cardiac output will be preferentially distributed away from splanchnic beds (including the uterus) during vigorous exercise, such regimens are best avoided during pregnancy.
Prolonged periods of motionless standing should also be avoided.
Women should be aware of the decreased oxygen available for aerobic exercise during pregnancy.
They should be encouraged to modify the intensity of their exercise according to maternal symptoms.
Pregnant women should stop exercising when fatigued and not exercise to exhaustion.
Weight bearing exercises may, under some circumstances, be continued at intensities similar to those prior to pregnancy throughout pregnancy. Non-weight bearing exercises, such as cycling or swimming, will minimize the risk of injury and facilitate the continuation of exercise during pregnancy.
Morphologic changes in pregnancy should serve as a relative contraindication to types of exercise in which loss of balance could be detrimental to maternal or fetal well-being, especially in the third trimester.
any type of exercise involving the potential for even mild abdominal trauma should be avoided.
Pregnancy requires an additional 300 kcal/day in order to maintain metabolic homeostasis.
women who exercise during pregnancy should be particularly careful to ensure an adequate diet.
Pregnant women who exercise in the first trimester should augment heat dissipation by ensuring adequate hydration, appropriate clothing, and optimal environmental surroundings during exercise.
Many of the physiological and morphological changes of pregnancy persist four to six weeks postpartum.
pre-pregnancy exercise routines should be resumed gradually based upon a womanʼs physical capability.
Created by: micah10