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MVROP MA Prog. Pharm

Pharmocology terms and definitions

QuestionAnswer
Addiction Physiologic or psychologic dependence on some agent with tendency to increase its use.
Administer To give patient a drug by injection or by mouth; putting drug into the body of a paient by any means, including injections
Chemotherapy Treatment of illness by chemical means (medication) primarily cancer
Dispense To give or sell the patient a container holding a drug for later use
Dosage Amount of medicine to be administered to a patient at one time
Drug Medication; chemical or other substance intended to have a therapeutic effect
Drug addition Acquired dependcy on medications which stimulate or depress physiologic or mental activities.... could be anything; i.e. shopping
Habituation acquired tolerance from repeated use of a drug, with little or no tendency to increase dose.
Lethal dose amount of medicine which causes death. 1 x reaction.
Local effect effect limnited to a part; not general; i.e. novacaine
Pharmacist Person licensed to prepare and dispense drugs
Pharmacology study of the actions of drugs on living organisms
Pharmacopeia book containing a slected list of medicinal preparations and their dosage forms; provides a description and standards of purity and strenght for each drug listed
Pharmacy profession or place of preparing and dispensing drugs
Prescription WRITTEN OR VERBAL medication order to take medication LATER
Prescribe ACTION of giving a written or verbal order to the pharmacy to be filled for the patient
Systemic effect generalized or affecting the entire body
Name the 4 sources of drugs Animal: insulin from animal pancreas Mineral: calcium, sodium bicarbonate Plant: Digitalis- purple foxglove, morphine or codeine from white poppy Synthetic or chemical: penicillin, steroids-cortisone, prednisone. The body does produce some sources itse
Name 4 purposes for which drugs are used Diagnosis: dyes for xrays, skin tests Treatment of symptoms: analgesics for pain Treat disease dysfunction: insulin, antibiotics Prevention of disease: vaccinations, gamma gluben
Name 4 types of names a drug may have Generic Official Chemical Trade
"Generic": Name 4 facts about the term Universally used The first letter is NOT capitalized Given to the drug before the company that develops it makes it official Are legislatively approved
"Chemical": Name 3 facts about the term Exact chemical formula of the drug Meaningful chiefly to the chemist First letter is not capitalized
"Official": Name 3 facts about the term May or may not be the same as generic name First letter is not capitalized Used for a drug in official publications
"Trade": Name 4 facts about the term May also be called trademark or brand name First letter IS capitalized Symbols TM or R are used to the right of name Makes pronunciation and spelling easier
Class of drug: Analgesic relieves pain, does not have an effect on the mind
Class of drug: Anesthetic Produces loss of feeling (local, topical, regional or general)
Class of drug: Antacid Neutralizes acid
Class of drug: Antibiotic Destroys bacteria (antibiotics capable of killing a variety of bacteria are known as wide-spectrum antibiotic)
Class of drug: Antidepressant elevates the mood and relieves depression. (these can be dangerous and should not be mixed with some other drugs, alcohol should be avoided)
Class of drug: Antidiabetic Used in the treatment of diabetes
Class of drug: Anitdote Prevents or counteracts the action of a poison
Clase of drug: Antihistamine Reduces the production of histamine in the body
Class of drug: Antispasmodic Reduces the pass of impulses of autonomic nervous system; stops flow of secretions and gastric and bladder contractions
Class of drug: Cardiogenic Acts directly on the heart
Class of drug: Cathartic Promotes or speeds the empyting of bowels
Class of drug: Depressant Produces sedation or sleep
Class of drug: Diuretic Increases output of urine
Class of drug: Emetic Induces vomiting
Hallucinogent Produces hallucinations
Hemostatic Slows flow of blood
Hormone Produced by the endocrine glands
Hypnotic Induces sleep
Narcotic Produces sleep, relieves pain
Vasoconstrictor Causes constriciton of blood vessels
Vitamin Found in various foods; necessary for body function (may be synthetically produced)
Name 4 sources of information concerning drugs USP - United States Pharmacopeia NF - National Formulary PDR - Physicians Desk Reference (precautions) American Hospital Formulary Service
What is the purpose of the "Pure Food Act" Lists 11 narcotic and habit forming drugs; requires labeling of any preparation containing these drugs; prohibits making false claims about medicine.
What year did the "Pure Food Act" begin 1906
What is the purpose of the "Federal Food, Drug and Cosmetic Act" Provides strict regulation of manufactuing, safety, efectiveness, sale and use of drugs
What year was the "Federal Food, Drug and Cosmetic Act" established 1938. Amended several times.
What is the purpose of the "Harrison Narcotic Act" Regulates the importation, manufacture, sale and use of opium, cocaine, and all their compounds and dirivatives.
What year was the "Harrison Narcotic Act" established 1914
What is the purpose of the "Controlled Substance Act" Regulates use of narcotics, amphetamines, and amphetamine-like compounds, barbituates and narcotics as well as drugs that have no medical acceptance including heroine, pot, LSD.
What year was the "Controlled Substance Act" established 1970
True or False: The Controlled Substance Act continues to research the use of some drugs for medical use; ie, marajuana. And these drugs are considered Class 1 drugs. True
What is the purpose of the Food and Drug Administration Enforces laws concerning food and drugs; receives reports from pharmaceuticals and others regarding adverse effects of drugs
What is the purpose of the Public Health Service It is a division of the Department of Health, Education and Welfare which regulates the use of biologic products
What is the purpose of the Federal Trade Commission A federal agency directly responsible to the President - has the power to suppress false or misleading advertising
What are the 2 forms of drugs Solids Liquids
There are 8 solid forms of drugs, what are they Extract, Powder, Pill, Capsule, Tablet, Suppository, Ointment, Lozenge
What is an Extract solid Concentrated solid preparation of drug made by dissolving a crude drug in a solvant, allowing the solution to evaporate, and forming the sediment into tablets or capsule. Dried to a power.
What is a Powder solid Medicinal preparation in fine particles
What is a Pill Drug shped in small balls or ovals; may be coated to disguise the taste
What is a Capsule Small, cylindrical gelative container filled with powder or granuals... may be enteric coated (EC)
What is a Tablet Dried, powdered drug pressed into a flat disc
What is a Suppository Mixture of drugs in a firm base such as glyceride or vegetable fat which melts at body temperature
What is an Ointment Mixture of drugs in an oily base which spreads easily at body temperature
What is a Lozenge Flat disc containing a drug and a swweetening agent, usually sugar
There are 10 forms of Liquids, name them Fluidextract, Tincture, Spirit, Syrup, Elixir, Suspension, Milk, Emulsion, Liniment, Lotion
What is a Fluidextract Concentrated liquid preparation made by dissolving a crude plant drug in an appopriate solvent (i.e. codeine). Usually 1 cc of fluidextract contains one gram fo the drug.
What is a Tincture Diluted alcoholic extract of drugs; strength varies, usually from 10 to 20 percent.
What is a Spirit Volatile peparation of drugs dissolved in alcohol (flammable).
What is a Syrup Drug prepared in sugar and/or water solution
What is an Elixir Palatable preparation of drugs dissolved in mixture of alcohol, sugar, and an aromatic
What is a Suspension Liquid mixter with ingredients which tend to separate
What is a Milk Bulky suspension of drug preparations in solvent, usually water
What is Emulsion Suspension of oily or fatty subtances in water (i.e. campho)
What is Liniment Mixture of drugs with soap, oil, water, or alcohol to be used for external application
What is a Lotion Preparation of drugs suspended in an aqueous solution.
How many Schedules of drugs are there 5 (Schedules I through V)
Name 2 rules regarding storage and availability concerning controlled substances 1) Kept in secure place. 2) Availability must be carefully monitored
What is the MA's responsibilty regarding drugs To be aware of the types of drugs and which which ones fall within categories according to strenght and the liklihood of abuse.
Name the 2 facts concering Schedule I drugs May not be prescribed - research only Have high potential for abuse Examples include marajuana, LSD, heroine
Name the 3 facts concerning Schedule II drugs Have accepted medical use but with sever restrictions as they can be highly addictive Dispensed with written prescription but cannot be refilled; ie, demerol, morphine, dilaudid Have high potential for abuse
Name the 3 facts concerning Schedule III drugs Have accepted medical use May be prescribed in witing or orally with refills up to 5 times in 6 months. Have less potential for abuse but risk still exists. Tylenol with codeine, seconal and nembutal are examples
Name the 3 facts concerning Schedule IV drugs Have accepted medical use. Have less potential for abuse, may be prescribed in writing or oralloy with refills up to six times in six months. Valium, Miltown, other tranquilizers are examples of Schedule IV drugs.
Name the 3 facts concerning Schedule V drugs Have compounds consisting of limited quantities of narcotic and nonnarcotic active ingredients. May be purchased over the counter. Have less potential for abuse. Cough syrups containing codeine is an example
Which 2 Schedules of drug have highest potential for abuse Schedules I and II
Any physician who administers, dispenses or prescribes Scheduled drugs is required to be registered with what agency? Drug Enforcement Administration
How are physicians identified to pharmacies and suppliers of medication An ID number is assigned to the physician
How often must a registration be renewed Every year.
Who should be aware of renews, expiration dates, and responsible for completion of forms to be submitted to legal agencies. The MA
Any physician who orders and keeps any controlled substances must use a special form from which agency. Drug Enforcement Agency
The MA is responsible for completing forms in triplicate. What 3 individuals or agencies receive copies. One copy remains with the practice. One copy goes to the DEA One copy goes to the manufacturer
Aside from internal reporting, what 2 agencies should be informed if theft occurs DEA Police Department
How should controlled substances be stored Locked and secured in safe place
Are records typically kept when samples are dispensed, unless it is a controlled supstance. No
If a physician dispenses a drug (narcotic) to a patient, does a record need to be maintained? Yes
If a physician writes a prescription for a non-narcotic drug, is a record required? No
Where should prescription pads be kept In a secured location.
For ease and extra precaution, how might prescription pads be accounted for Numbered consecutively.
What are 6 ethical responsibilities of the MA working with drugs 1) Do not administer without training 2) Be accountable for your own actions 3) Know your limitations and act accordingly 4) Do not suggest or prescribe ANY drugs 5) Keep accurate and honest records 6) Be responsible and keep controlled substances se
What are the 5 ways drugs are stored Alphabetically Classified by drug type (antibiotics, antihistamines, etc) Classified by form (oral, injectable, topical) Refrigeration (most vaccines, penicillin, insulin) Locked cabinet (all controlled substance) TAKE A WITNESS
What are the "care" responsibilities concerning drug samples in the medical office Place in container with label showing name of drug, how used and expiration date. Follow first in first out procedures. Examine routinely to determine expiration dates and condition before giving to patient. If anything seems abnormal, return to mft
What factors should be considered when taking drug inventory Always keep sufficient supply on hand so as not to run out. Follow FIFO (first in first out) relating to expiration dates and freshness. Keep storage areas clean and perform cleaning routinely... refrigerator, shelves.
Is it necessary to check drugs stored for color and appropriate clarity? Yes
Who gets drugs that have expired, gone bad or appear defective. What might you also do with the drug. The manufacturer. Or you may dispose the drug appropriately.
If labels are torn or loose you may replace them. What do you do if a container does not have a lable or is upside down dispose of the contents properly
Where do you put empty bottles Biohazard container
Name 3 ways to get rid of expired drugs Return to drug company Hositals may have drop sites Pharmacies may take them
Created by: kellyfuqua