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final-review 28

E & D 1

QuestionAnswer
Parallel bars provide maximum stability and security for a patient during the beginning stages of ambulation or standing.
Parallel Bars Proper fit allows for 20–25 degrees of elbow flexion, and approximately four to six inches in front of the body.
A patient must progress out of the parallel bars as quickly as possible to increase overall mobility and decrease dependence using the parallel bars.
walker can be used with all levels of weight bearing.
walker has a significant base of support and offers good stability.
walker fit should allow for 20–25 degrees of elbow flexion to ensure proper fit.
The standard walker has many variations including the rolling, hemi, reciprocal, folding, or adjustable walker with brakes, upper extremity attachments and/or a seat platform.
The walker is used with a three-point gait pattern.
Axillary crutches can be used with all levels of weight bearing, however, require higher coordination for proper use.
Axillary crutches Proper fit includes positioning with the. crutches six inches in front and two inches lateral to the patient
The crutch height should be adjusted no greater than three finger widths from the axilla.
Axillary crutches, The handgrip height should be adjusted to the ulnar styloid process and allow for 20–25 degrees of elbow flexion while grasping the handgrip.
Axillary crutches A platform attachment can be utilized with this device.
The axillary crutches can be used with two-point, three-point, four-point, swing-to, and swing-through gait patterns.
Lofstrand crutches can be used with all levels of weight bearing, however, require the highest level of coordination for proper use.
Lofstrand crutches Proper fit includes 20–25 degrees of elbow flexion while holding the handgrip with the crutches positioned six inches in front and two inches lateral to the patient.
Lofstrand crutches The arm cuff should be positioned one to one and one half inches below the olecranon process so it does not interfere with elbow flexion.
Lofstrand crutches A platform attachment can be utilized with this device if necessary.
The Lofstrand crutches can be used with two-point, three-point, four-point, swing-to, and swing-through gait patterns.
cane provides minimal stability and support for patients during ambulation activities.
The straight cane provides the least support and is used primarily for assisting with balance.
A straight cane should not be utilized for patients that are partial weight bearing.
The small base and large base quad canes provide a larger base of support and can better assist with limiting weight bearing on an involved lower extremity and improving balance on unlevel surfaces, curbs, and stairs.
cane Proper fit includes standing the cane at the patientʼs side and adjusting the handle to the level of the wrist crease at the ulnar styloid process.
cane The patient should have 20–25 degrees of elbow flexion while grasping the handgrip.
The straight cane can be used with the two-point, four-point, modified two-point, and modified four-point gait patterns.
Created by: micah10