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chapter 18 keywords

QuestionAnswer
aorta the largest artery of the body passing from the heart through the chest the abdomen
atelectasis lung collapse
bronchus/bronchian an air passage way that connects the trachea to a lung or portion of a lung
cardiophrenic angle the inferior medial corner of the lungs (near the heart)
diaphragm the large sheath of muscle between the chest and abdomen that expand an contracts with breathing
duodenum the proximal portion of the small intestine
emphysema a chronic lung condition characterized by obstruction and destruction of the small airways & alveoli of the lungs which results in the inability to effectively exhale air
esophagus the part of the digestive system that connects the pharynx to the stomach, only has three layers of tissue
ileum the distal portion of the small intestine that is connected to the large intestine by the terminal ileum
jejunum the second section of the small intestine
KUB the anteroposterior supine projection of the abdomen. It stands for kidneys, ureters and bladder
mediastinum the part of the thoracic cavity that encompasses the space between the lungs
perioteneum the double walled serous membrane sac that contains the abdominal organs
pleura the membrane that covers the lungs and lines the pleural cavities
pleural effusion an abnormal collection of fluid in the pleural spaces
pneumoconiosis a group of chronic occupational lung diseases caused by the inhalation of irritating dust
pneumonia inflammatory disease of the lung
pneumothorax a collection of air or gas in the pleural space associated with lung collapse
sphincter a round muscle that opens and closes the opening of an organ
sternum the breast bone; a slender flat bone in the chest that articulates with the ribs
ascities accumulation of fluid in the peritoneal cavity
thorax the upper portion of the trunk; the chest
trachea the windpipe; a hollow tube that connects the pharynx to the bronchi
vena cava the large vein that brings oxygen depleted blood from the body to the right atrium of the heart
thoracic cage the bony structure that surrounds the organs of the chest & upper abdomen
manubrium superior portion of the sternum, upper margin is indented to form the jugular notch (manubrial notch or suprasternal notch) & is a very useful landmark for positioning
sternal angle the junction of the manubrium and the body of the sternum and forms a palpable bony ridge
xiphoid process the distal tip of the sternum and is also a useful landmark for positioning radiographically and for CPR
costochondral articulation the connection between the ribs and its associated cartilage
pericardium the sac of serous membrane that holds the heart and occupies the inferior portion of the mediastinum
costophrenic angle the inferior lateral corners of the lung
carina a prominent ridge of the lower tracheal cartilage running anteroposteriorly between the orifices of the two main stem bronchi; about the level of T4-T5
pleural space the space between the lungs and the cavity walls
ruptured hollow viscus an opening between the gastrointestinal tract and the peritoneal cavity
peritonitis when gas and intestinal contents leak into the peritoneal cavity causing inflammation & potential life threatening infection
omentum the anterior fold of the visceral peritoneum
parietal perioteneum peritoneum that lines the walls of the abdominal and pelvic cavity
visceral peritoneum the part of the peritoneum that covers the organs
fundus of the stomach the rounded upper portion of the stomach
body the large central curved portion of the body
greater curvature of stomach the lateral surface of the body of the stomach
lesser curvature of the stomach the medial surface of the body the stomach
pylorus the narrow distal portion of the stomach
terminal ileum distal portion of the ileum where it connects to the large intestine
apex upper portion of the lung
"gastr" stomach
Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease a pathologic disease that is a progressive condition marked by diminished capabilities of inspiration and expiration
Tuberculosis a pathologic condition that is characterized by chronic inflammation of the lungs caused by acid-fast bacillus
Asthma Spasm of the bronchi
Histoplasmosis a pathologic disease that is caused by inhaling fungal spores
hilus the area of the lungs that blood vessels, bronchial tree and nerves enter
rugae the wrinkled striationon the inner surface of the stomach
"enter" intestine
Created by: mdtodd