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Chapters 13 & 14

psych 101

Pressure A stressful condition that occurs when a person must meet urgent external demands or expectations.
stressor A specific condition or event in the environment that challenges or threatens a person.
Primary appraisal Deciding if a cituation is relevent to oneself and if it is a threat
Secondary appraisal Deciding how to cope with a threat or challenge
Stress The mental and physical condition that occurs when a person must adjust or adapt to the environment
Psychonuroimmunology study of the links among behavior, stress, disease, and the immune system
General adaption syndrome (Selye) A serious of bodily reactions to prolonged stress; occurs in 3 stages: Alarm, resistance, and exhaustion
Emotion focused coping Managing or controlling ones emotional reaction to a stressful or threatening situation
Problem focused coping Directly managing or remedying a stressful or threatening situation
Frustration A negative emotional state that occurs when one is prevented from reaching a goal
Aggression Any responce made with the intent of causing harm
Displaced agression redirecting aggression to a target other than the actual source of ones frustration
Conflict A stressful condition that occurs when a person must choose between incompatible or contradictory alternatives
Approach-Approach conflict Choosing between two positive, or desirable alternatives
Approach-Avoidance conflict Being attracted to and repelled by the same goal or activity
Avoidance-Avoidance conflict Choosing between two negative, undesirable alternatives
Double approach avoidance conflict Being stimultaneously attracted to and repelled by each of the alternatives
Multiple approach avoidance conflict Being stimulataneously attracted to and repelled by each of several alternatives
Eustress A stressful situation that has a positive note
Ambivalence Mixed positive and negative feelings or simultaneous attraction and repulsion
Defence mechanism A habitual and often unconsious psychological process used to reduce anxiety
Denial Protecting oneself from an unpleasent reality by refusing to accept it or believe it
Repression Forcing unwanted thoughts into your unconscious mind
Reaction formation Preventing dangerious impulses from being expressed in behavior by exaggerating oppisite behavior
Regression Retreatin to an earlier level of development or to earlier, less demanding habits or situations
Projection Attributing ones own feelings, short coming or unacceptable impulses to others
Rationalization Justifying your behavior by giving reasonable and "rational". but false, reasons for it.
Compensation Counteracting a real or imagined weakness by emphasizing desirable traits or seeking to exel in the area of weakness or in other areas
Sublimation working off unmet desires or unacceptable impulses, in activities that are constructive
Psychosomatic disorders illnesses in which psychological factors contribute to bodily damage or to damaging changes in bodily functioning
Hyprochondriases A person who complains about illnesses that appear to be imaginary
Social readjustment ratng scale (SRRS) A scale that rates the impact or various life events on the likelihood of illness
Psychopathology The scientific study of mental, emotional, and behavioral disorders
Maladaptive behavior Behavior that makes it difficult to adapt to the environment and meet the demands of day to day life
Insanity A legal term that refers to a mental inability to manage ones affairs or to be aware of the consequences of ones action
Psychotic disorders A severe mental disorder characterized by a retreat from reality, by hallucinations and delusions and by social withdrawl
Delusions A false belief held against all contrary evidence
Delusional disorders A psychosis marked by severe delusions of grandeur, jealousy, persecution or similar preoccupations
Seasonal affective disorder (SAD) Depression that occurs only during fall and winter; presumably related to decreased exposure to sunlight
Dysthymic disorder moderate depression that persists for 2 years or more.
Cyclothymic disorder moderate manic and depressive behavior that persists for 2 years or more
Hallucination An imaginary sensation, such as seeing, hearing or smelling things that don't exist in the real world.
Anxiety Apprehension, dread or uneasiness similar to fear but based on an unclear threat
Generalized anxiety disorder A chronic state of tension and worries about work, relationship, ability or impending disorder.
Agoraphobia Is an intence fear that a panic attack will occur in a public place or unfamiliar situation.
Munchausen syndrome An affected person fakes his or her own medical problems in order to gain attention
Stress disorder A significant emotional disturbance caused by stresses outside the range of normal human experience
Social Phobia An intense, irrational fear of being observed, evaluated, embarresed, or humiliated by others in social situations.
Specific Phobia A intense, irrational fear of specific objects, activities or situations
Obessive compulsive disorder (OCD) An extreme preoccupation with certain thoughts and compulsive performance of certain behavior
Alarm stage (1st Stage) First stage of (GAS) during which bodily resources are mobilized to cope with a stressor
Stage of resistance (2nd Stage) Second sage of (GAS) during which bodily adjustments to stress stabilize, but at a high physical cost
Stage of exhaustion (3rd Stage) Third stage of (GAS), at which time the bodies resources are exhausted and serious health consequences occur
Sublimation Working off unmet desires or unacceptable impulses, in activities that are constructive
Behavioral Risk Factors Behaviors that increase the chances of disease, injury or premature death.
Health Promoting Behaviors Removing specific risk factors from your life and increase behaviors that increase good health
Psychotic disorders a severe mental disorder characterized by a retreat from reality, by hallucinations and delusions and by social withdrawl. (Psychological disorders)
Mood disorders A major disturbance in mood or emotion, such as depression or mania. (Psychological Disorders)
Anxiety Disorder Disruptivefeelings of fear, apprehension, or anxiety, or distortions in behavior that are anxiety related. (psychological Disorders)
Bipolar I disorder A mood disorder in which a person has episodes of mania. And also periods of deep depression.
Bipolar II disorder A mood disorder in which a person is mostly depressed. But also had one or more episodes of mild mania.
Depressive disorders Emotional disorders primarily involving sadness, desperondency, and depression.
Undifferentiated schizophrenia Schizophrenia lacking the specific features of catatonic, disorganized, or paranoid types.
Paranoid schizophrenia Schizophrenia marked by a preoccupation with delusions or by frequent auditery hallucinations related to a single theme, especially grandeur or persecution.
Catatonic Schizophrenia Schizophrenia marked by stupor, rigidity, unresponsiveness, posturing, purposeless behavior.
Disorganized Scizophrenia Schizophrenia marked by incoherence, grossly disorganized behavior, bizarre thinking, and flat or grossly imapropriate emotions.
Schizophrenia A psychosis characterized by delusions, hallucinations, apathy, and "split" between throught and emotion.
Delusions of reference Which people give great personal meaning to unrelated events. (Delusions)
Delusions of persecution Which people believe that others are "out to get them" (Delusions)
Delusions of influence Which people feel they are being controlled or influenced by others or by unseen forces. (Delusions)
Delusions of grandeur Which people think they are extremely important. (Delusions)
Somatic Delusions believing your body is "rotting away" or that it is emitting foul odors. (Delusions)
Depressive Delusions In which people feel that they have commited horrible crimes or sinful deeds. (Delusions)
Substance-related disorder Abuse of or dependence on a mood or behavior altering drug. (Psychological disorder)
Dissociative disorder Temorary amnesia, multiple personality, or depersonalization. (Psychological disorder)
Personality disorder A maladaptive personality pattern. (Psychological disorder)
Sexual and gender identity disorder Any of a wide range of difficulties with sexual identity, deviant sexual behavior, or sexual adjustment. (Psychological Disorder)
Samatoform disorder Physical symtoms that mimic disease or injury for which there is no identifiable physical cause. (Phychopathology disorder)
Anxiety disorder Disruptive feelings of fear, apprehension, or anxiety, or distertions in behavior that are anxiety related. (Psychological disorder)
Created by: socalmacd