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bkx PSY101 Exam, PR

PSY-101 Exam, Personal Review

Conducted psychology’s first experiment Wilhelm Wundt
Introduced structuralism Edward Titchener
Introduced functionalism William James
Introduced behaviorism John Watson
Introduced natural selection Charles Darwin
an early school of psychology that used introspection to explore the structural elements of the human mind Structuralism
a school of psychology that focused on how our mental and behavioral processes function – how they enable us to adapt, survive, and flourish Functionalism
the view that psychology should be an objective science that studies behavior without reference to mental processes Behaviorism
historically significant perspective that emphasized the growth potential of healthy people and the individual’s potential for personal growth Humanistic psychology
the interdisciplinary study of the brain activity linked with cognition (including perception, thinking, memory and language) Cognitive neuroscience
a branch of psychology concerned with the links between biology and behavior Biological psychology
a branch of psychology that assists people with problems in living (often related to school, work or marriage in achieving greater well-being) Counseling psychology
a branch of psychology that studies, assesses, and treats people with psychological disorders Clinical psychology
a branch of medicine dealing with psychological disorders; practiced by physicians who sometimes provide medical (for example, drug) treatments as well as psychological therapy Psychiatry
a statement of the procedures used to define research variables Operational definition
a neural impulse; a brief electrical charge that travels down an axon Action potential
the level of stimulation required to trigger a neural impulse Threshold
Neural impulse process K+ ions inside the axon, Na+ ions start getting let in, at a certain concentration the K+ ions get channeled out until an equilibrium is reached, at which point Na+ goes back out and K+ goes back in
natural, opiate-like neurotransmitters linked to pain control and to pleasure Endorphins
Nervous System Breakdown Central Nervous System (brain & spinal cord) & Peripheral nervous system (everything else)
Peripheral Breakdown Somatic (skeletal muscles) & Autonomic (glands, muscles of internal organs)
Autonomic Breakdown Sympathetic (arouses “Fight or flight”) & Parasympathetic (calms “Rest and digest”)
Four Types of Brain Imaging STRUCTURE – CAT (x rays from multiple angles) & MRI (high frequency magnetic fields); FUNCTION – EEG (voltage changes, timing) & PET (radioactive glucose, location) & fMRI (tracks magnetic properties of oxygen, location)
Hindbrain Medulla (breathing, swallowing, heartrate & balance), Pons (sleep, attention & facial movements), Reticular formation (arousal/alertness), Cerebellum (balance & muscle movement)
Subcortical Structures Thalamus (sensory information switchboard, except smell), Hypothalamus (reward, maintenance, pituitary gland), Basal ganglia (learning through reward, coordinates action via dopamine system), Limbic system (learning and emotional processing)
Limbic System Amygdala (2 lima-bean sized clusters linked to emotion), Hippocampus (formation of new memories), Hypothalamus (reward, maintenance, pituitary gland)
Four Lobes & Functions Frontal lobes (forehead, higher level cognition & speaking), Parietal lobes (Top back of head, somatosensory/touch and body position), Occipital lobes (back of head, visual input), Temporal lobes (above ears, auditory input from opposite ear)
Created by: bamkapowxo
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