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MUSI1004 Japan

Preparation for final

Elements of Japanese Music (4) 1. Scales with semitones 2. Slow tempos 3. Sense of space 4. Prominent classical solo repertories
What are semitones? very small intervals
What does it mean for a piece to be nonpulsatile? it does not have a perceptible beat
Shamisen fretless, long-necked lute that accompanies bunraku puppet theater
Biwa 4-string, fretted pear-shaped lute
Shakuhachi vertical bamboo flute; court music, very meditative
Koto curved board zither (played in homes)
What religions dominate in Japan? Buddhism and Shintoism
What is the ancient court music called? What is is like? *Gagaku *two genres: togaku (left/old) and komagaku (right) *three sections: (1) Jo - introduction (2) Ha - exposition (3) Kyu - ending
What is "ma"? It is the Japanese aesthetic principle that describes the space in between objects and thoughts
What is the Japanese puppet theater called? Bunraku
What are the four types of drama performance in Japan? 1. Gagaku 2. Noh 3. Kabuki 4. Bunraku
What is Noh? A highly refined classical theatre with roots in folk dramas full of acrobatics, pantomime, and comic interludes
What is Kabuki? A comedic type of classical theatre especially popular in the war years. It is characterized by bright costumes and dramatic plots, while the actors are considered celebrities
What tuning system does Japanese music use (what mode)? Pentatonic modes
What are two of the pentatonic modes/scales in Japanese music? 1. ryo: 123-56- 2. ritsu: 12-456-
Created by: MissCellaneous