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pulm7 pharm

QuestionAnswer
Antihistamine Agents Action: Antihistamine agents block the effects of histamine within the respiratory system resulting in a decrease in nasal congestion, mucosal irritation, symptoms of the common cold, sinusitis, and conjunctivitis.
Antihistamine Agents Indications: respiratory allergic response, seasonal allergies, sedation, treatment of Parkinsonʼs disease, relief of cough, motion sickness, allergic conjunctivitis
Antihistamine Agents Side effects: sedation, dizziness, headache, blurred vision, fatigue, gastrointestinal distress, nausea, hypotension, other side effects are based on the specific drug and generation of antihistamine
Antihistamine Agents Implications for PT: Therapists should increase guarding during mobility to ensure patient safety. Antihistamines should not be used in the treatment of asthma due to the drying effect and subsequent thickening of secretions.
Bronchodilator Agents Action: Bronchodilator agents work to relieve bronchospasm through smooth muscle relaxation. increase in the size of the airways reduces resistance and prevents subsequent obstruction.
Primary classifications of bronchodilators include anticholinergic, beta-adrenergic agonists, and xanthine derivates.
Bronchodilator Agents Indications: Anticholinergic: asthma, arrhythmias, peptic ulcer, bladder hypermotility, Parkinsonʼs disease; beta-adrenergic: asthma, COPD, prevention of PVCs; Xanthine: asthma, bronchitis, emphysema
Bronchodilator Agents Side effects: (depending on class of drug) increased sensitivity to allergens/irritants, tolerance, nervousness, restlessness, toxicity, confusion, dry mouth, constipation, tremor
Bronchodilator Agents Implications for PT: therapists should ensure that the patient brings the bronchodilator medication to therapy and should modify exercise to avoid bronchospasm.
Bronchodilator Agents Implications for PT Cardiac abnormalities may indicate problems with the bronchodilator medication and side effects may indicate toxicity. Early detection of toxicity is imperative and a physician should be notified.
Created by: micah10
 

 



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