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pulm2 breathing

QuestionAnswer
Diaphragmatic breathing attempts to enhance movement of the diaphragm upon inspiration and expiration and diminish accessory muscle use.
Diaphragmatic breathing 1 Position the patient in bed with head and trunk elevated 45 degrees. Place dominant hand over the rectus abdominis muscles. Place non-dominant hand over the sternum.
Diaphragmatic breathing 2 Direct the patient to inspire slowly and feel the dominant hand rise. Instruct the patient to control both inspiration and expiration. The non-dominant hand should have only minimal movement.
Incentive spirometry to increase inspiration with device that provides feedback to patient regarding performance. utilized to treat patients status post surgery in order to strengthen weak inspiratory muscles and to prevent alveolar collapse.
Incentive spirometry Instruct the patient to breathe into the spirometer. Instruct the patient to perform a maximal inhalation into the spirometer. Repeat 7 to 10 times per session and repeat the session 3-4 times per day.
Incentive spirometry Increase volume expectations on regular intervals until the patient is within normal range.
Pursed-lip breathing attempts to improve ventilation by decreasing the respiratory rate and increasing the tidal volume. This technique assists with shortness of breath that is commonly encountered in patients with COPD.
Pursed-lip breathing Instruct the patient to avoid using the abdominals.
Pursed-lip breathing Instruct the patient to place a hand over the abdominal muscles while breathing. Slowly inhale. Relax and loosely purse lips during exhalation. Expiration should be twice as long as inspiration.
Segmental breathing is used to prevent accumulation of fluid and to increase chest mobility by directing inspired air to predetermined areas.
Segmental breathing Place hands on target area and apply pressure downward and inward during exhalation.
Segmental breathing Apply a quick stretch immediately before inspiration.
Segmental breathing Instruct the patient to slowly inspire air into the target lung area under your hands. Give mild resistance during inspiration. Observe accessory muscles during exercise in order to limit their use.
Created by: micah10