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final-review 18

neuro22 PNF term

QuestionAnswer
Agonistic Reversals (AR) An isotonic concentric contraction performed against resistance followed by alternating concentric and eccentric contractions with resistance.
AR requires use in a slow and sequential manner, and may be used in increments throughout the range to attain maximum control.
Alternating Isometrics (AI) Isometric contractions are performed alternating from muscles on one side of the joint to the other side without rest. AI emphasizes endurance or strengthening.
Contract-Relax (CR) A technique used to increase range of motion. As the extremity reaches the point of limitation the patient performs a maximal contraction of the antagonistic muscle group.
Hold-Relax (HR) An isometric contraction used to increase range of motion. The contraction is facilitated for all muscle groups at the limiting point in the range of motion. .
Hold-Relax (HR) The technique is often used for patients that present with pain.
Normal Timing (NT) used to improve coordination of all components of a task. NT is performed in a distal to proximal sequence. Proximal components are restricted until the distal components are activated and initiate movement.
Repeated Contractions (RC) used to initiate movement and sustain a contraction through the range of motion.
Repeated contractions is used to initiate a movement pattern, throughout a weak movement pattern or at a point of weakness within a movement pattern. The therapist provides a quick stretch followed by isometric or isotonic contractions.
Resisted Progression (RP) A technique used to emphasize coordination of proximal components during gait. Resistance is applied to an area such as the pelvis, hips, or extremity during the gait cycle in order to enhance coordination, strength or endurance.
Rhythmic Initiation (RI) assist initiating movement when hypertonia exists progresses from passive (“let me move you”), to active assistive (“help me move you”), to slightly resistive (“move against the resistance”).
Rhythmical Rotation (RR) A passive technique used to decrease hypertonia by slowly rotating an extremity around the longitudinal axis. Relaxation of the extremity will increase range of motion.
Rhythmic Stabilization (RS) A technique used to increase range of motion and coordinate isometric contractions. The technique requires isometric contractions of all muscles around a joint against progressive resistance.
If stability is the goal, RS should be applied as a progression from AI in order to stabilize all muscle groups simultaneously around the specific body part.
Slow Reversal (SR) A technique of slow and resisted concentric contractions of agonists and antagonists around a joint without rest between reversals. This technique is used to improve control of movement and posture.
Slow Reversal (SR) A technique of slow and resisted concentric contractions of agonists and antagonists around a joint without rest between reversals. This technique is used to improve control of movement and posture.
Timing for Emphasis (TE) Used to strengthen the weak component of a motor pattern. Isotonic and isometric contractions produce overflow to weak muscles.
Movements must be slow and rhythmical to reduce the hypertonia and allow for full range of motion. RR
Created by: micah10