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L&M Chapter 19

Death and Dying

Functional Death The absence of a heartbeat and breathing
Brain Death A diagnosis of death based on the cessation of all signs of brain activity, as measured by electrical brain waves.
Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS) The unexplained death of a seemingly health baby
Thanatologists People who study death and dying
Kubler-Ross 5 Steps toward death Denial (shock), Anger (emotion), Bargaining, Depression (reactive or preparatory), and Acceptance.
Preparatory Depression: People feel sadness over future losses. Example: end to relationships with others, and not able to see future generations
Reactive Depression: The feelings of sadness are based on events that have already occurred. Example: the loss of dignity that may accompany medical procedures, the end of a job, or the knowledge that one will never return from the hospital to one's home.
Living Will A legal document designating what medical treatments people want or do not want if they cannot express their wishes (including DNR)
Euthanasia The practice of assisting people who are terminally ill to die more quickly
Home Care An alternative to hospitalization in which dying people stay in their homes and receive treatment from their families and visiting medical staff.
Hospice Care Care provided for the dying in institutions devoted to those who are terminally ill.
Bereavement Acknowledgement of the objective fact that one has experienced a death.
Grief The emotional response to one's loss. Entails shock, numbness, disbelief, or outright denial and may continue on with regular routines.
Prolonged Grief Disorder A type of mourning that continues unceasingly for months and years.
Some studies find that the risk of death is as much as __ times higher than normal in the first year after the death of a spouse. SEVEN
Who have the highest suicide rates? White males over 85
SIDS common age 2-4 months
Most frequent cause of death in childhood/adolescents Accidents
Adolescents view of death is? Unrealistic and highly romanticized
Criticism of Kubler-Ross Not applicable to a groups of people or situations, because they may go through steps in different order or ways.
Assisted Suicide When a person provides means for a patient to commit suicide- Dr. Kavorkian
Voluntary and Passive Euthanasia Patient asks that no extraordinary care be given
Voluntary and Active Euthanasia Patient asks to be helped to die (mercy killing?)
Involuntary and Passive Euthanasia An adult other than the patient requests that no extraordinary treatment be given
Involuntary and Active
Created by: vnolson