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neuro18 PNF

Proprioceptive Neuromuscular Facilitation (PNF) was introduced in the early 1950's using the hierarchical model as its framework.
The original goal of PNF treatment was to lay down gross motor patterns within the central nervous system.
PNF approach is based on the premise that stronger parts of the body are utilized to stimulate and strengthen the weaker parts.
PNF Normal movement and posture is based on a balance between control of antagonist and agonist muscle groups.
Development will follow the normal sequence through a component of motor learning.
PNF theory places great emphasis on manual contacts and correct handling. Short and concise verbal commands are used along with resistance throughout the full movement pattern.
The PNF approach utilizes methods that promote or hasten the response of the neuromuscular mechanism through stimulation of the proprioceptors.
PNF Movement patterns follow . diagonals or spirals that each possess a flexion, extension, and rotatory component and are directed toward or away from midline
Chopping:. A combination of bilateral upper extremity asymmetrical extensor patterns performed as a closed-chain activity
Developmental sequence: A progression of motor skill acquisition. The stages of motor control include mobility, stability, controlled mobility, and skill.
Mass movement patterns: The hip, knee, and ankle move into flexion or extension simultaneously.
Overflow: Muscle activation of an involved extremity due to intense action of an uninvolved muscle or group of muscles.
A patient learns diagonal patterns of movement
PNF Techniques must have accurate timing, specific commands, and correct hand placement
PNF Verbal commands must be short and concise
PNF Repetition is important in motor learning
PNF Resistance given during the movement pattern is greater if the objective is stability, less if the objective is mobility
PNF Techniques utilize isometric and isotonic muscle contractions
PNF Treatment objectives will dictate the use of techniques through either full movement or at points within the range
PNF Developmental sequence is used in conjunction with PNF techniques in order to increase the balance between agonists and antagonists
PNF techniques are implemented to progress a patient through the stages of motor control
PNF Functional patterns of movement are used to increase control
PNF Techniques should be utilized that increase strength or improve relaxation by enhancing irradiation from the stronger to the weaker muscles
Created by: micah10



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