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final-review 14

neuro10 milestone

QuestionAnswer
Newborn to 1 month Prone: Physiological flexion; Lifts head briefly
Newborn to 1 month Supine: Physiological flexion; Rolls partly to side
Newborn to 1 month Standing: Reflex standing and walking
Newborn to 1 month Fine Motor: Regards objects in direct line of sight; Hands fisted; Movements may be purposeful or random
2 to 3 months Prone: Chest up in prone position with some weight through forearms; Rolls prone to supine
2 to 3 months Supine: Asymmetrical tonic neck reflex (ATNR) influence strong; Legs kick reciprocally
2 to 3 months Sitting: Head upright but bobbing; Variable head lag in pull to sitting position
2 to 3 months Fine Motor: Grasp is reflexive; Uses palmar grasp
4 to 5 months Prone: Bears weight on extended arms; Pivots in prone to reach toys
4 to 5 months Supine: Rolls from supine to side position; Plays with feet to mouth
4 to 5 months Sitting: Head steady in supported sitting position; Sits alone for brief periods
4 to 5 months Standing: Bears all weight through legs in supported stand
4 to 5 months Fine Motor: Grasps and releases toys; Uses ulnar-palmar grasp
6 to 7 months Prone: Rolls from supine to prone position; Holds weight on one hand to reach for toy
6 to 7 months Supine: Lifts head; Attempts to raise self to sit
6 to 7 months Sitting: Lifts head and helps when pulled to sitting position; Sits independently
6 to 7 months Mobility: May crawl backward
6 to 7 months Fine Motor: Radial-palmar grasp; “Rakes” with fingers to pick up small objects
8 to 9 months Prone: Gets into hands-knees position
8 to 9 months Supine: Does not tolerate supine position
8 to 9 months Sitting: Moves from sitting to prone position; Pivots in sitting position
8 to 9 months Standing: Stands at furniture; Pulls to stand at furniture
8 to 9 months Mobility: Crawls forward; Walks along furniture (cruising)
8 to 9 months Fine Motor: Radial-digital grasp develops; Release of objects is more refined
10 to 11 months Standing: Stands without support briefly; Pulls to stand using half-kneel intermediate position
10 to 11 months Mobility: Walks with both hands or one hand held; Creeps on hands and feet (bear walk)
10 to 11 months Fine Motor: Fine pincer grasp developed; Puts objects into container
12 to 15 months Mobility: Walks without support; Walks backward and sideways; Creeps or hitches upstairs; Throws ball in sitting
12 to 15 months Fine Motor: Builds tower using two cubes; Turns over small container to obtain contents
16 to 24 months Gross Motor: Squats in play; Walks upstairs and downstairs with one hand held-both feet on step; Propels ride-on toys; Kicks ball; Throws ball; Picks up toy from floor without falling
16 to 24 months Fine Motor: Stacks six cubes; Imitates vertical and horizontal strokes with crayon on paper
2 years Gross Motor: Rides tricycle; Walks backward; Walks downstairs alternating feet
2 years Fine Motor: Turns knob; Opens and closes jar; Able to button large buttons
Preschool Age (3 to 4 years) Gross Motor: Throws ball 10 feet; Hops 2-10 times on one foot; Throws and catches small ball; Runs fast and avoids obstacles
Preschool Age (3 to 4 years) Fine Motor: Copies a circle or cross; Cuts with scissors; May demonstrate hand preference
Early School Age (5 to 8 years) Gross Motor: Skips on alternate feet; Gallops; Jumps rope with rhythm and control
Early School Age (5 to 8 years) Fine Motor: Hand preference is evident; Prints well, starting to learn cursive writing; Able to button small buttons
Later School Age (9 to 12 years) Gross Motor: Mature patterns of movement in throwing, jumping, running; Competition increases; Boys may develop preadolescent fat spurt; Girls may develop prepubescent and pubescent changes in body shape (hips, breasts)
Later School Age (9 to 12 years) Fine Motor: Learns to draw; Handwriting is developed
Adolescence Age (13 years +) Gross Motor: Rapid growth in size and strength, boys more than girls; Puberty leads to changes in body proportions center of gravity rises toward shoulders for boys, lowers to hips for girls
Adolescence Age (13 years +) Fine Motor: Develops greater dexterity in fingers for fine tasks (knitting, sewing, art, crafts)
Created by: micah10